Attitude and Barriers in Palliative Care and Advance Care Planning in Nonmalignant Chronic Lung Disease: Results From a Danish National Survey

Anita Rath Sørensen, Kristoffer Marsaa, Thomas Skovhus Prior, Elisabeth Bendstrup

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and interstitial lung disease have a significant burden of symptoms. Many are not offered palliative care (PC). Our aim was to investigate the attitudes to and barriers for PC among physicians.

METHOD: A web-based survey was conducted among members of the Danish Respiratory Society. The questionnaire included contextual (gender, age, clinical experience, type of center, patient caseload) and outcome questions (knowledge and use of statements for PC and advance care planning [ACP], practice of communication about end-of-life decisions, practice for referral to PC, barriers regarding structural surroundings, clinical skills, and organization).

RESULTS: One hundred fifty-six (45%) physicians responded. Median age was 40 - 49 years and 55% were female. Fifty-two percent were specialists; 71% worked at a university hospital. The majority of physicians (60%) reported barriers for discussions about PC and ACP; 63% reported lack of time, 52% lack of multidisciplinary staff settings, 63% reported the unpredictability of the prognosis, and 20% insufficient awareness of patient's culture, religion, or spirituality. Fewer specialists than nonspecialists reported barriers toward ACP. The majority had knowledge of guidelines in PC and ACP, but only a minority used these in daily clinical practice.

CONCLUSION: The attitude toward PC and ACP conversations was positive and implementation was regarded as important, but only a minority performed these conversations in practice. Main barriers were lack of time and staff. Palliative care guidelines were known but only scarcely used. Structural changes at the organizational level to improve access to palliation for patients with nonmalignant chronic lung diseases are needed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Palliative Care
Volume35
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)232-235
ISSN0825-8597
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes

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