Associations between vitamin D status and atherosclerosis among Inuit in Greenland

Camilla U Gjødesen, Marit E Jørgensen, Peter Bjerregaard, Inger K Dahl-Petersen, Christina V L Larsen, Martin Noël, Mads Melbye, Arieh S Cohen, Marika Lundqvist, David M Hougaard, Jørn W Helge, Nina O Nielsen

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Low levels of vitamin D are suspected to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis among Inuit in Greenland, and to evaluate the association with vitamin D status. We hypothesized that low vitamin D status could be associated with higher carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) as a marker of atherosclerosis.

METHODS: 756 adults from the Inuit Health in Transition (IHIT) study carried out in Greenland in the period 2005-2010 were included. A blood sample donated in 1987 was available for a sub-sample of 102 individuals. Serum 25(OH)D3 from the IHIT study and the 1987 survey was used as a measure of vitamin D status. IMT measurements were conducted by ultrasound scanning. The prevalence of atherosclerosis was estimated, and the association between serum 25(OH)D3 and IMT measurements was examined by linear regression.

RESULTS: The overall prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis was 20.1% (n = 152). The linear regression analyses indicated a weak positive association between serum 25(OH)D3 level and IMT measurements from the IHIT study, though not statistically significant after adjustment for potential confounders (β = 0.35% per 10 nmoL/L 25(OH)D3, p = 0.06). Linear regression analyses of the association between serum 25(OH)D3 level in the 1987 survey and IMT measurements also indicated a positive, though not statistically significant, association after adjustment (β = 0.07% per 10 nmoL/L 25(OH)D3, p = 0.86).

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings did not support the hypothesis of an association between low vitamin D levels and risk of atherosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume268
Pages (from-to)145-151
ISSN0021-9150
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Greenland
Health Transition
Linear Models
Serum
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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Gjødesen, Camilla U ; Jørgensen, Marit E ; Bjerregaard, Peter ; Dahl-Petersen, Inger K ; Larsen, Christina V L ; Noël, Martin ; Melbye, Mads ; Cohen, Arieh S ; Lundqvist, Marika ; Hougaard, David M ; Helge, Jørn W ; Nielsen, Nina O. / Associations between vitamin D status and atherosclerosis among Inuit in Greenland. In: Atherosclerosis. 2018 ; Vol. 268. pp. 145-151.
@article{7c01bc25d95341a8ae00c92344eb9b60,
title = "Associations between vitamin D status and atherosclerosis among Inuit in Greenland",
abstract = "BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Low levels of vitamin D are suspected to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis among Inuit in Greenland, and to evaluate the association with vitamin D status. We hypothesized that low vitamin D status could be associated with higher carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) as a marker of atherosclerosis.METHODS: 756 adults from the Inuit Health in Transition (IHIT) study carried out in Greenland in the period 2005-2010 were included. A blood sample donated in 1987 was available for a sub-sample of 102 individuals. Serum 25(OH)D3 from the IHIT study and the 1987 survey was used as a measure of vitamin D status. IMT measurements were conducted by ultrasound scanning. The prevalence of atherosclerosis was estimated, and the association between serum 25(OH)D3 and IMT measurements was examined by linear regression.RESULTS: The overall prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis was 20.1{\%} (n = 152). The linear regression analyses indicated a weak positive association between serum 25(OH)D3 level and IMT measurements from the IHIT study, though not statistically significant after adjustment for potential confounders (β = 0.35{\%} per 10 nmoL/L 25(OH)D3, p = 0.06). Linear regression analyses of the association between serum 25(OH)D3 level in the 1987 survey and IMT measurements also indicated a positive, though not statistically significant, association after adjustment (β = 0.07{\%} per 10 nmoL/L 25(OH)D3, p = 0.86).CONCLUSIONS: Our findings did not support the hypothesis of an association between low vitamin D levels and risk of atherosclerosis.",
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author = "Gj{\o}desen, {Camilla U} and J{\o}rgensen, {Marit E} and Peter Bjerregaard and Dahl-Petersen, {Inger K} and Larsen, {Christina V L} and Martin No{\"e}l and Mads Melbye and Cohen, {Arieh S} and Marika Lundqvist and Hougaard, {David M} and Helge, {J{\o}rn W} and Nielsen, {Nina O}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2017.11.028",
language = "English",
volume = "268",
pages = "145--151",
journal = "Atherosclerosis",
issn = "0021-9150",
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Gjødesen, CU, Jørgensen, ME, Bjerregaard, P, Dahl-Petersen, IK, Larsen, CVL, Noël, M, Melbye, M, Cohen, AS, Lundqvist, M, Hougaard, DM, Helge, JW & Nielsen, NO 2018, 'Associations between vitamin D status and atherosclerosis among Inuit in Greenland', Atherosclerosis, vol. 268, pp. 145-151. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2017.11.028

Associations between vitamin D status and atherosclerosis among Inuit in Greenland. / Gjødesen, Camilla U; Jørgensen, Marit E; Bjerregaard, Peter; Dahl-Petersen, Inger K; Larsen, Christina V L; Noël, Martin; Melbye, Mads; Cohen, Arieh S; Lundqvist, Marika; Hougaard, David M; Helge, Jørn W; Nielsen, Nina O.

In: Atherosclerosis, Vol. 268, 2018, p. 145-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations between vitamin D status and atherosclerosis among Inuit in Greenland

AU - Gjødesen, Camilla U

AU - Jørgensen, Marit E

AU - Bjerregaard, Peter

AU - Dahl-Petersen, Inger K

AU - Larsen, Christina V L

AU - Noël, Martin

AU - Melbye, Mads

AU - Cohen, Arieh S

AU - Lundqvist, Marika

AU - Hougaard, David M

AU - Helge, Jørn W

AU - Nielsen, Nina O

N1 - Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Low levels of vitamin D are suspected to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis among Inuit in Greenland, and to evaluate the association with vitamin D status. We hypothesized that low vitamin D status could be associated with higher carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) as a marker of atherosclerosis.METHODS: 756 adults from the Inuit Health in Transition (IHIT) study carried out in Greenland in the period 2005-2010 were included. A blood sample donated in 1987 was available for a sub-sample of 102 individuals. Serum 25(OH)D3 from the IHIT study and the 1987 survey was used as a measure of vitamin D status. IMT measurements were conducted by ultrasound scanning. The prevalence of atherosclerosis was estimated, and the association between serum 25(OH)D3 and IMT measurements was examined by linear regression.RESULTS: The overall prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis was 20.1% (n = 152). The linear regression analyses indicated a weak positive association between serum 25(OH)D3 level and IMT measurements from the IHIT study, though not statistically significant after adjustment for potential confounders (β = 0.35% per 10 nmoL/L 25(OH)D3, p = 0.06). Linear regression analyses of the association between serum 25(OH)D3 level in the 1987 survey and IMT measurements also indicated a positive, though not statistically significant, association after adjustment (β = 0.07% per 10 nmoL/L 25(OH)D3, p = 0.86).CONCLUSIONS: Our findings did not support the hypothesis of an association between low vitamin D levels and risk of atherosclerosis.

AB - BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Low levels of vitamin D are suspected to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis among Inuit in Greenland, and to evaluate the association with vitamin D status. We hypothesized that low vitamin D status could be associated with higher carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) as a marker of atherosclerosis.METHODS: 756 adults from the Inuit Health in Transition (IHIT) study carried out in Greenland in the period 2005-2010 were included. A blood sample donated in 1987 was available for a sub-sample of 102 individuals. Serum 25(OH)D3 from the IHIT study and the 1987 survey was used as a measure of vitamin D status. IMT measurements were conducted by ultrasound scanning. The prevalence of atherosclerosis was estimated, and the association between serum 25(OH)D3 and IMT measurements was examined by linear regression.RESULTS: The overall prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis was 20.1% (n = 152). The linear regression analyses indicated a weak positive association between serum 25(OH)D3 level and IMT measurements from the IHIT study, though not statistically significant after adjustment for potential confounders (β = 0.35% per 10 nmoL/L 25(OH)D3, p = 0.06). Linear regression analyses of the association between serum 25(OH)D3 level in the 1987 survey and IMT measurements also indicated a positive, though not statistically significant, association after adjustment (β = 0.07% per 10 nmoL/L 25(OH)D3, p = 0.86).CONCLUSIONS: Our findings did not support the hypothesis of an association between low vitamin D levels and risk of atherosclerosis.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2017.11.028

DO - 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2017.11.028

M3 - Journal article

VL - 268

SP - 145

EP - 151

JO - Atherosclerosis

JF - Atherosclerosis

SN - 0021-9150

ER -