Associations between structural characteristics of the school setting and irregular lunch consumption – are there gender differences?

Trine Pagh Pedersen, Bjørn Evald Holstein, Rikke Krølner, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Jennifer Utter, Sarah McNaughton, Dianne Neumark-Stzainer, Mette Rasmussen

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalPosterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Abstract
Purpose: The association between characteristics of the school setting and regularity of lunch consumption among schoolchildren is under-investigated. The purpose was to 1) investigate associations between structural school characteristics and irregular lunch consumption among schoolchildren, and 2) examine whether gender modified these associations.
Methods: Danish data from the international cross-sectional study ‘Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children in 2010 were used. Data were collected among schoolchildren aged 11, 13 and 15 years from a random sample of 75 schools. The schoolchildren (N=4922) completed a self-administered questionnaire at school (response rate=86.3%). School principals (N=69) completed the school setting questionnaire (response rate=92 %). Associations between school level variables and irregular lunch consumption were estimated by multilevel logistic regression, adjusting for individual level socio-demographic factors.
Results: Having access to canteen/school stall was associated with a higher risk of irregular lunch consumption, OR=1.26 (1.04-1.52). No adult present in lunch breaks was associated with a higher risk of irregular lunch consumption, OR=1.52 (1.26-1.82). At the individual level, irregular lunch consumption was associated with being a boy, attending 7th grade, medium and low family social class, migration status, and living in a single and reconstructed family structure. Analyses stratified by gender showed similar results but among girls the results indicated no association between access to canteen/school stall, migration status and lunch consumption.
Conclusion: The findings indicated that availability of a canteen/school stall did not promote regular lunch consumption among boys while the presence of an adult in lunch breaks promoted regular lunch consumption among both boys and girls.



Original languageEnglish
Publication date2013
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2013 Annual meeting in International Society for Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA) - Ghent, Belgium
Duration: 22. May 201325. May 2013

Conference

Conference2013 Annual meeting in International Society for Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA)
CountryBelgium
CityGhent
Period22/05/201325/05/2013

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