Associations between sports participation, levels of moderate to vigorous physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in childrenand adolescents

Gustavo Silva, Lars Bo Andersen, Luisa Aires, Jorge Mota, Jose Oliveira, José Carlos Ribeiro

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyse the associations between sports participation, levels of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). The study comprised 310 participants (183 girls and 127 boys) aged 11-18 years. Sports participation was assessed by questionnaire and habitual physical activity (PA) was measured objectively with accelerometers. The 20-m shuttle-run test was used to estimate CRF. Logistic regression analyses were carried out with CRF as the outcome. The odds ratio (OR) for being fit was greater for those who comply with 60 min · day -1 in MVPA (OR = 2.612; 95%confidence interval [CI] = 1.614-4.225) in comparison with those who do not. Participation in competitive sports at club levels increased the chances of being fit (OR = 13.483; 95%CI = 4.560-39.864), independently of MVPA levels. There were positive and significant trends in CRF and objectively measured PA across the levels of engagement in competitive sports (P < 0.05). Concluding, participation in competitive sports at club level is more effective than other organised or non-organised sports to reach healthier levels of CRF and recommend levels of MVPA.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume31
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)1359–1367
ISSN0264-0414
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • accelerometers
  • maximal aerobic performance
  • questionnaires
  • sports participation
  • youth
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Competitive Behavior
  • Exercise
  • Adolescent
  • Running
  • Female
  • Physical Fitness
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Health Status
  • Odds Ratio
  • Child
  • Sports

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