Associations between physical activity and characteristics of urban green space

Jasper Schipperijn, Peter Bentsen, Jens Troelsen, Mette Toftager, Anna Ulrika Karlsson Stigsdotter

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The availability of urban green space (UGS) is one of the environmental factors that is frequently linked to increased levels of physical activity (PA). Positive associations with increased levels of PA are reported for the amount of UGS close to home, the distance to the nearest UGS, the size of the nearest UGS, and the presence of certain features. However, the evidence to date is somewhat inconclusive, and dominated by studies from North America and Australia. There is a large variation in city structures, and recommendations for North American or Australian cities are not automatically valid for European cities. Using a sample of 1,305 Danish adults and detailed descriptions of UGS, we examined the association between UGS and outdoor PA in general, as well as PA in the nearest UGS. No association between outdoor PA in general, size of, distance to, and number of features in the nearest UGS was found. The amount and number of UGS within one kilometre revealed no association either. For PA in the nearest UGS positive associations with size, walking/cycling routes, wooded areas, water features, lights, pleasant views, bike rack, and parking lot were found. This indicates that PA in an UGS might be stimulated by providing these features there. However, interventions or longitudinal studies are needed to explore potential causal relationship.
Original languageEnglish
JournalUrban Forestry & Urban Greening
Volume12
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)109–116
ISSN1618-8667
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

physical activity
longitudinal studies
green space
urban green
walking
parking
environmental factors
environmental factor

Cite this

@article{0aca79879b834831ac6431dc4441d345,
title = "Associations between physical activity and characteristics of urban green space",
abstract = "The availability of urban green space (UGS) is one of the environmental factors that is frequently linked to increased levels of physical activity (PA). Positive associations with increased levels of PA are reported for the amount of UGS close to home, the distance to the nearest UGS, the size of the nearest UGS, and the presence of certain features. However, the evidence to date is somewhat inconclusive, and dominated by studies from North America and Australia. There is a large variation in city structures, and recommendations for North American or Australian cities are not automatically valid for European cities. Using a sample of 1,305 Danish adults and detailed descriptions of UGS, we examined the association between UGS and outdoor PA in general, as well as PA in the nearest UGS. No association between outdoor PA in general, size of, distance to, and number of features in the nearest UGS was found. The amount and number of UGS within one kilometre revealed no association either. For PA in the nearest UGS positive associations with size, walking/cycling routes, wooded areas, water features, lights, pleasant views, bike rack, and parking lot were found. This indicates that PA in an UGS might be stimulated by providing these features there. However, interventions or longitudinal studies are needed to explore potential causal relationship.",
author = "Jasper Schipperijn and Peter Bentsen and Jens Troelsen and Mette Toftager and Stigsdotter, {Anna Ulrika Karlsson}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.ufug.2012.12.002",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "109–116",
journal = "Urban Forestry & Urban Greening",
issn = "1618-8667",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

Associations between physical activity and characteristics of urban green space. / Schipperijn, Jasper; Bentsen, Peter; Troelsen, Jens; Toftager, Mette; Stigsdotter, Anna Ulrika Karlsson.

In: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Vol. 12, No. 1, 2013, p. 109–116.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations between physical activity and characteristics of urban green space

AU - Schipperijn, Jasper

AU - Bentsen, Peter

AU - Troelsen, Jens

AU - Toftager, Mette

AU - Stigsdotter, Anna Ulrika Karlsson

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The availability of urban green space (UGS) is one of the environmental factors that is frequently linked to increased levels of physical activity (PA). Positive associations with increased levels of PA are reported for the amount of UGS close to home, the distance to the nearest UGS, the size of the nearest UGS, and the presence of certain features. However, the evidence to date is somewhat inconclusive, and dominated by studies from North America and Australia. There is a large variation in city structures, and recommendations for North American or Australian cities are not automatically valid for European cities. Using a sample of 1,305 Danish adults and detailed descriptions of UGS, we examined the association between UGS and outdoor PA in general, as well as PA in the nearest UGS. No association between outdoor PA in general, size of, distance to, and number of features in the nearest UGS was found. The amount and number of UGS within one kilometre revealed no association either. For PA in the nearest UGS positive associations with size, walking/cycling routes, wooded areas, water features, lights, pleasant views, bike rack, and parking lot were found. This indicates that PA in an UGS might be stimulated by providing these features there. However, interventions or longitudinal studies are needed to explore potential causal relationship.

AB - The availability of urban green space (UGS) is one of the environmental factors that is frequently linked to increased levels of physical activity (PA). Positive associations with increased levels of PA are reported for the amount of UGS close to home, the distance to the nearest UGS, the size of the nearest UGS, and the presence of certain features. However, the evidence to date is somewhat inconclusive, and dominated by studies from North America and Australia. There is a large variation in city structures, and recommendations for North American or Australian cities are not automatically valid for European cities. Using a sample of 1,305 Danish adults and detailed descriptions of UGS, we examined the association between UGS and outdoor PA in general, as well as PA in the nearest UGS. No association between outdoor PA in general, size of, distance to, and number of features in the nearest UGS was found. The amount and number of UGS within one kilometre revealed no association either. For PA in the nearest UGS positive associations with size, walking/cycling routes, wooded areas, water features, lights, pleasant views, bike rack, and parking lot were found. This indicates that PA in an UGS might be stimulated by providing these features there. However, interventions or longitudinal studies are needed to explore potential causal relationship.

U2 - 10.1016/j.ufug.2012.12.002

DO - 10.1016/j.ufug.2012.12.002

M3 - Journal article

VL - 12

SP - 109

EP - 116

JO - Urban Forestry & Urban Greening

JF - Urban Forestry & Urban Greening

SN - 1618-8667

IS - 1

ER -