Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents

Lauren B Sherar, T. P. Griffin, U. Ekelund, A R Cooper, Dale W Esliger, E M F van Sluijs, L. B. Andersen, Greet Cardon, R Davey, K. Froberg, Pedro C Hallal, Kathleen F Janz, Katarzyna Kordas, S Kriemler, Russ R Pate, Jardena J Puder, L B Sardinha, A. F. Timperio, Angie S Page

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background Investigating socioeconomic variation in physical activity (PA) and sedentary time is important as it may represent a pathway by which socioeconomic position (SEP) leads to ill health. Findings on the association between children's SEP and objectively assessed PA and/or sedentary time are mixed, and few studies have included international samples. Objective Examine the associations between maternal education and adolescent's objectively assessed PA and sedentary time. Methods This is an observational study of 12 770 adolescents (10-18 years) pooled from 10 studies from Europe, Australia, Brazil and the USA. Original PA data were collected between 1997 and 2009. The associations between maternal education and accelerometer variables were examined using robust multivariable regression, adjusted for a priori confounders (ie, body mass index, monitor wear time, season, age and sex) and regression coefficients combined across studies using random effects metaanalyses. Analyses were conducted in March 2014. Results Adolescents of university educated mothers spent more time sedentary (9.5 min/day, p=0.005) and less time in light activity (10 min/day, p <0.001) compared with adolescents of high school educated mothers. Pooled analysis across two studies from Brazil and Portugal (analysed separately because of the different coding of maternal education) showed that children of higher educated mothers (tertiary vs primary/ secondary) spent less time in moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) (6.6 min/day, p=0.001) and in light PA (39.2 min/day: P <0.001), and more time sedentary (45.9 min/day, p <0.001). Conclusions Across a number of international samples, adolescents of mothers with lower education may not be at a disadvantage in terms of overall objectively measured PA.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Epidemiology & Community Health
Volume70
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)541-548
ISSN0143-005X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Cite this

Sherar, L. B., Griffin, T. P., Ekelund, U., Cooper, A. R., Esliger, D. W., van Sluijs, E. M. F., ... Page, A. S. (2016). Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 70(6), 541-548. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2015-205763
Sherar, Lauren B ; Griffin, T. P. ; Ekelund, U. ; Cooper, A R ; Esliger, Dale W ; van Sluijs, E M F ; Andersen, L. B. ; Cardon, Greet ; Davey, R ; Froberg, K. ; Hallal, Pedro C ; Janz, Kathleen F ; Kordas, Katarzyna ; Kriemler, S ; Pate, Russ R ; Puder, Jardena J ; Sardinha, L B ; Timperio, A. F. ; Page, Angie S. / Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents. In: Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 2016 ; Vol. 70, No. 6. pp. 541-548.
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title = "Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents",
abstract = "Background Investigating socioeconomic variation in physical activity (PA) and sedentary time is important as it may represent a pathway by which socioeconomic position (SEP) leads to ill health. Findings on the association between children's SEP and objectively assessed PA and/or sedentary time are mixed, and few studies have included international samples. Objective Examine the associations between maternal education and adolescent's objectively assessed PA and sedentary time. Methods This is an observational study of 12 770 adolescents (10-18 years) pooled from 10 studies from Europe, Australia, Brazil and the USA. Original PA data were collected between 1997 and 2009. The associations between maternal education and accelerometer variables were examined using robust multivariable regression, adjusted for a priori confounders (ie, body mass index, monitor wear time, season, age and sex) and regression coefficients combined across studies using random effects metaanalyses. Analyses were conducted in March 2014. Results Adolescents of university educated mothers spent more time sedentary (9.5 min/day, p=0.005) and less time in light activity (10 min/day, p <0.001) compared with adolescents of high school educated mothers. Pooled analysis across two studies from Brazil and Portugal (analysed separately because of the different coding of maternal education) showed that children of higher educated mothers (tertiary vs primary/ secondary) spent less time in moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) (6.6 min/day, p=0.001) and in light PA (39.2 min/day: P <0.001), and more time sedentary (45.9 min/day, p <0.001). Conclusions Across a number of international samples, adolescents of mothers with lower education may not be at a disadvantage in terms of overall objectively measured PA.",
author = "Sherar, {Lauren B} and Griffin, {T. P.} and U. Ekelund and Cooper, {A R} and Esliger, {Dale W} and {van Sluijs}, {E M F} and Andersen, {L. B.} and Greet Cardon and R Davey and K. Froberg and Hallal, {Pedro C} and Janz, {Kathleen F} and Katarzyna Kordas and S Kriemler and Pate, {Russ R} and Puder, {Jardena J} and Sardinha, {L B} and Timperio, {A. F.} and Page, {Angie S}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1136/jech-2015-205763",
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Sherar, LB, Griffin, TP, Ekelund, U, Cooper, AR, Esliger, DW, van Sluijs, EMF, Andersen, LB, Cardon, G, Davey, R, Froberg, K, Hallal, PC, Janz, KF, Kordas, K, Kriemler, S, Pate, RR, Puder, JJ, Sardinha, LB, Timperio, AF & Page, AS 2016, 'Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents', Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 541-548. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2015-205763

Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents. / Sherar, Lauren B; Griffin, T. P.; Ekelund, U.; Cooper, A R; Esliger, Dale W; van Sluijs, E M F; Andersen, L. B.; Cardon, Greet; Davey, R; Froberg, K.; Hallal, Pedro C; Janz, Kathleen F; Kordas, Katarzyna; Kriemler, S; Pate, Russ R; Puder, Jardena J; Sardinha, L B; Timperio, A. F.; Page, Angie S.

In: Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, Vol. 70, No. 6, 2016, p. 541-548.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association between maternal education and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time in adolescents

AU - Sherar, Lauren B

AU - Griffin, T. P.

AU - Ekelund, U.

AU - Cooper, A R

AU - Esliger, Dale W

AU - van Sluijs, E M F

AU - Andersen, L. B.

AU - Cardon, Greet

AU - Davey, R

AU - Froberg, K.

AU - Hallal, Pedro C

AU - Janz, Kathleen F

AU - Kordas, Katarzyna

AU - Kriemler, S

AU - Pate, Russ R

AU - Puder, Jardena J

AU - Sardinha, L B

AU - Timperio, A. F.

AU - Page, Angie S

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Background Investigating socioeconomic variation in physical activity (PA) and sedentary time is important as it may represent a pathway by which socioeconomic position (SEP) leads to ill health. Findings on the association between children's SEP and objectively assessed PA and/or sedentary time are mixed, and few studies have included international samples. Objective Examine the associations between maternal education and adolescent's objectively assessed PA and sedentary time. Methods This is an observational study of 12 770 adolescents (10-18 years) pooled from 10 studies from Europe, Australia, Brazil and the USA. Original PA data were collected between 1997 and 2009. The associations between maternal education and accelerometer variables were examined using robust multivariable regression, adjusted for a priori confounders (ie, body mass index, monitor wear time, season, age and sex) and regression coefficients combined across studies using random effects metaanalyses. Analyses were conducted in March 2014. Results Adolescents of university educated mothers spent more time sedentary (9.5 min/day, p=0.005) and less time in light activity (10 min/day, p <0.001) compared with adolescents of high school educated mothers. Pooled analysis across two studies from Brazil and Portugal (analysed separately because of the different coding of maternal education) showed that children of higher educated mothers (tertiary vs primary/ secondary) spent less time in moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) (6.6 min/day, p=0.001) and in light PA (39.2 min/day: P <0.001), and more time sedentary (45.9 min/day, p <0.001). Conclusions Across a number of international samples, adolescents of mothers with lower education may not be at a disadvantage in terms of overall objectively measured PA.

AB - Background Investigating socioeconomic variation in physical activity (PA) and sedentary time is important as it may represent a pathway by which socioeconomic position (SEP) leads to ill health. Findings on the association between children's SEP and objectively assessed PA and/or sedentary time are mixed, and few studies have included international samples. Objective Examine the associations between maternal education and adolescent's objectively assessed PA and sedentary time. Methods This is an observational study of 12 770 adolescents (10-18 years) pooled from 10 studies from Europe, Australia, Brazil and the USA. Original PA data were collected between 1997 and 2009. The associations between maternal education and accelerometer variables were examined using robust multivariable regression, adjusted for a priori confounders (ie, body mass index, monitor wear time, season, age and sex) and regression coefficients combined across studies using random effects metaanalyses. Analyses were conducted in March 2014. Results Adolescents of university educated mothers spent more time sedentary (9.5 min/day, p=0.005) and less time in light activity (10 min/day, p <0.001) compared with adolescents of high school educated mothers. Pooled analysis across two studies from Brazil and Portugal (analysed separately because of the different coding of maternal education) showed that children of higher educated mothers (tertiary vs primary/ secondary) spent less time in moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) (6.6 min/day, p=0.001) and in light PA (39.2 min/day: P <0.001), and more time sedentary (45.9 min/day, p <0.001). Conclusions Across a number of international samples, adolescents of mothers with lower education may not be at a disadvantage in terms of overall objectively measured PA.

U2 - 10.1136/jech-2015-205763

DO - 10.1136/jech-2015-205763

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26802168

VL - 70

SP - 541

EP - 548

JO - Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health

JF - Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health

SN - 0143-005X

IS - 6

ER -