Assessment of secondary aluminum reserves of nations

Kyaw Nyunt Maung*, Tomoharu Yoshida, Gang Liu, Cherry Myo Lwin, Daniel B. Muller, Seiji Hashimoto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A classification framework of the secondary resources was applied to evaluate the framework's applicability and to assess secondary aluminum reserves for 19 countries. Estimated amounts of secondary aluminum reserves in 2010 were 85 million tonnes in the United States, 65 million tonnes in China, 29 million tonnes in Japan, and 413 million tonnes globally. For the United States, its secondary reserves are larger than its primary reserves, although the global primary reserves (28,000 million tonnes) are much larger than the estimated secondary reserves. Considerable amounts of secondary aluminum resources are accumulated in landfill sites. Understanding the sizes of primary and secondary aluminum reserves enables us to extend knowledge of efficient raw material sourcing from a narrow perspective of primary reserves alone to a broader perspective of both primary and secondary reserves, and to progress towards sustainable resource management.

Original languageEnglish
JournalResources, Conservation and Recycling
Volume126
Pages (from-to)34-41
ISSN0921-3449
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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aluminum
resource
landfill
resource management
Aluminum

Keywords

  • Landfill mining
  • McKelvey diagram
  • Recycling
  • Secondary resources
  • Urban mining

Cite this

Maung, Kyaw Nyunt ; Yoshida, Tomoharu ; Liu, Gang ; Lwin, Cherry Myo ; Muller, Daniel B. ; Hashimoto, Seiji. / Assessment of secondary aluminum reserves of nations. In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 2017 ; Vol. 126. pp. 34-41.
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abstract = "A classification framework of the secondary resources was applied to evaluate the framework's applicability and to assess secondary aluminum reserves for 19 countries. Estimated amounts of secondary aluminum reserves in 2010 were 85 million tonnes in the United States, 65 million tonnes in China, 29 million tonnes in Japan, and 413 million tonnes globally. For the United States, its secondary reserves are larger than its primary reserves, although the global primary reserves (28,000 million tonnes) are much larger than the estimated secondary reserves. Considerable amounts of secondary aluminum resources are accumulated in landfill sites. Understanding the sizes of primary and secondary aluminum reserves enables us to extend knowledge of efficient raw material sourcing from a narrow perspective of primary reserves alone to a broader perspective of both primary and secondary reserves, and to progress towards sustainable resource management.",
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Assessment of secondary aluminum reserves of nations. / Maung, Kyaw Nyunt; Yoshida, Tomoharu; Liu, Gang; Lwin, Cherry Myo; Muller, Daniel B.; Hashimoto, Seiji.

In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 126, 2017, p. 34-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessment of secondary aluminum reserves of nations

AU - Maung, Kyaw Nyunt

AU - Yoshida, Tomoharu

AU - Liu, Gang

AU - Lwin, Cherry Myo

AU - Muller, Daniel B.

AU - Hashimoto, Seiji

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - A classification framework of the secondary resources was applied to evaluate the framework's applicability and to assess secondary aluminum reserves for 19 countries. Estimated amounts of secondary aluminum reserves in 2010 were 85 million tonnes in the United States, 65 million tonnes in China, 29 million tonnes in Japan, and 413 million tonnes globally. For the United States, its secondary reserves are larger than its primary reserves, although the global primary reserves (28,000 million tonnes) are much larger than the estimated secondary reserves. Considerable amounts of secondary aluminum resources are accumulated in landfill sites. Understanding the sizes of primary and secondary aluminum reserves enables us to extend knowledge of efficient raw material sourcing from a narrow perspective of primary reserves alone to a broader perspective of both primary and secondary reserves, and to progress towards sustainable resource management.

AB - A classification framework of the secondary resources was applied to evaluate the framework's applicability and to assess secondary aluminum reserves for 19 countries. Estimated amounts of secondary aluminum reserves in 2010 were 85 million tonnes in the United States, 65 million tonnes in China, 29 million tonnes in Japan, and 413 million tonnes globally. For the United States, its secondary reserves are larger than its primary reserves, although the global primary reserves (28,000 million tonnes) are much larger than the estimated secondary reserves. Considerable amounts of secondary aluminum resources are accumulated in landfill sites. Understanding the sizes of primary and secondary aluminum reserves enables us to extend knowledge of efficient raw material sourcing from a narrow perspective of primary reserves alone to a broader perspective of both primary and secondary reserves, and to progress towards sustainable resource management.

KW - Landfill mining

KW - McKelvey diagram

KW - Recycling

KW - Secondary resources

KW - Urban mining

U2 - 10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.06.016

DO - 10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.06.016

M3 - Review

VL - 126

SP - 34

EP - 41

JO - Resources, Conservation and Recycling

JF - Resources, Conservation and Recycling

SN - 0921-3449

ER -