Assessing Patients’ Spiritual Needs in Healthcare: An Overview of Questionnaires

Ricko Damberg Nissen*, Niels Christian Hvidt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


Spiritual care is an area of growing focus in healthcare internationally as research shows that existential, spiritual, and/or religious considerations and needs increase with life-threatening illness, and that quality of life increases when spiritual needs are addressed through spiritual care. This study presents an overview of spiritual assessment questionnaires as a way to approach the assessment of spiritual needs. Through the Catalogue of Spiritual Care Instruments, 22 questionnaires were located, representing a variety of geographical and healthcare contexts. The presentation of these questionnaires initiates a discussion of international relevance for the continuing development of spiritual care and international exchanges of best practices. The study concludes that spiritual assessment questionnaires are in focus in many cultural contexts and healthcare areas, but also that the bias of language makes it difficult to exchange best practice. In the end, a spiritual needs assessment is a matter between the individual patient and the healthcare professional (HCP) involved. It is an area of intimacy and privacy, not easily approached, demanding great empathy on behalf of the involved HCPs. A spiritual needs assessment questionnaire can be an appropriate way to approach this.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpiritual Needs in Research and Practice : The Spiritual Needs Questionnaire as a Global Resource for Health and Social Care
EditorsArndt Büssing
Place of PublicationLondon, UK
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Publication date1. Jun 2021
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-70138-3
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-70139-0
Publication statusPublished - 1. Jun 2021


  • Spiritual needs
  • Assessment
  • Questionnaires
  • Validity
  • Spiritual care


Dive into the research topics of 'Assessing Patients’ Spiritual Needs in Healthcare: An Overview of Questionnaires'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this