Arenas vs. Multi-functional Stadia

Which do Spectators Prefer?

Arne Feddersen, Wolfgang Maennig

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Large sports stadia construction follows two different general concepts: (1) Mono-functional arenas which are specially suited for one sport exclusively and which are characterised by the absence of an athletic track. (2) Multifunctional sports stadia which can be used for different sporting or cultural events. Officials of clubs often argue that the atmosphere in an arena is significantly better than that of a multipurpose facility and that spectators prefer such an atmosphere. Estimated panel regressions with fixed effects show a significant positive effect of a mono-functional soccer stadium on spectator demand. Controlling for other demand determinants in the German professional soccer league, Bundesliga, an isolated effect of around 4,800 additional spectators a game can be found. This translates into a substantial increase of about 18.7% against the mean value of 25,602 spectators per Bundesliga game.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Sports Economics
Volume10
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)180–191
Number of pages12
ISSN1527-0025
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Spectator
Stadium
Atmosphere
Soccer
Fixed effects
Clubs
Athletics
Panel regression

Keywords

  • Demand for sport
  • Soccer
  • Mono-functional arena
  • multifunctional stadium

Cite this

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title = "Arenas vs. Multi-functional Stadia: Which do Spectators Prefer?",
abstract = "Large sports stadia construction follows two different general concepts: (1) Mono-functional arenas which are specially suited for one sport exclusively and which are characterised by the absence of an athletic track. (2) Multifunctional sports stadia which can be used for different sporting or cultural events. Officials of clubs often argue that the atmosphere in an arena is significantly better than that of a multipurpose facility and that spectators prefer such an atmosphere. Estimated panel regressions with fixed effects show a significant positive effect of a mono-functional soccer stadium on spectator demand. Controlling for other demand determinants in the German professional soccer league, Bundesliga, an isolated effect of around 4,800 additional spectators a game can be found. This translates into a substantial increase of about 18.7{\%} against the mean value of 25,602 spectators per Bundesliga game.",
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}

Arenas vs. Multi-functional Stadia : Which do Spectators Prefer? / Feddersen, Arne; Maennig, Wolfgang.

In: Journal of Sports Economics, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2009, p. 180–191.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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T2 - Which do Spectators Prefer?

AU - Feddersen, Arne

AU - Maennig, Wolfgang

PY - 2009

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N2 - Large sports stadia construction follows two different general concepts: (1) Mono-functional arenas which are specially suited for one sport exclusively and which are characterised by the absence of an athletic track. (2) Multifunctional sports stadia which can be used for different sporting or cultural events. Officials of clubs often argue that the atmosphere in an arena is significantly better than that of a multipurpose facility and that spectators prefer such an atmosphere. Estimated panel regressions with fixed effects show a significant positive effect of a mono-functional soccer stadium on spectator demand. Controlling for other demand determinants in the German professional soccer league, Bundesliga, an isolated effect of around 4,800 additional spectators a game can be found. This translates into a substantial increase of about 18.7% against the mean value of 25,602 spectators per Bundesliga game.

AB - Large sports stadia construction follows two different general concepts: (1) Mono-functional arenas which are specially suited for one sport exclusively and which are characterised by the absence of an athletic track. (2) Multifunctional sports stadia which can be used for different sporting or cultural events. Officials of clubs often argue that the atmosphere in an arena is significantly better than that of a multipurpose facility and that spectators prefer such an atmosphere. Estimated panel regressions with fixed effects show a significant positive effect of a mono-functional soccer stadium on spectator demand. Controlling for other demand determinants in the German professional soccer league, Bundesliga, an isolated effect of around 4,800 additional spectators a game can be found. This translates into a substantial increase of about 18.7% against the mean value of 25,602 spectators per Bundesliga game.

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KW - Soccer

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