Appropriate selection for omalizumab treatment in patients with severe asthma?

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Abstract

Background: Omalizumab improves asthma control in patients with uncontrolled severe allergic asthma; however, appropriate patient selection is crucial. Information in this field is sparse. Objective: We aimed to estimate whether potential omalizumab candidates were appropriately selected according to guidelines, and the clinical effect of omalizumab treatment over time. Design: We performed a retrospective observational study on adult patients with asthma treated with omalizumab during 2006-2015 at the Department of Respiratory Medicine at Odense University Hospital (OUH), Denmark. Data were obtained from the Electronic Patient Journal of OUH and Odense Pharmaco-Epidemiological Database. Guideline criteria for omalizumab treatment were used to evaluate the appropriateness of omalizumab candidate selection, and the Asthma Control Test (ACT) to assess the clinical effects of omalizumab at weeks 16 and 52 from treatment initiation. Results: During the observation period, 24 patients received omalizumab, but only 10 patients (42%) fulfilled criteria recommended by international guidelines. The main reasons for not fulfilling the criteria were inadequately reduced lung function, insufficient number of exacerbations, and asthma standard therapy below Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) step 4-5. Seventeen and 11 patients completed treatment at weeks 16 and 52, with a statistically significant increase in ACT score of 5.1 points [95% confidence interval (CI) 3.1-7.2, p = 0.0001] and 7.7 points (95% CI 4.3-11.1, p = 0.0005), respectively. Conclusion: Only 42% of the omalizumab-treated patients were appropriately selected according to current guidelines. Still, as omalizumab showed significant improvement in asthma control over time, it is important to keep this drug in mind as an add-on to asthma therapy in well-selected patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1359477
JournalEuropean Clinical Respiratory Journal
Volume4
Issue number1
Number of pages9
ISSN2001-8525
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Patient Selection
Guidelines
Confidence Intervals
Pulmonary Medicine
Denmark
Retrospective Studies
Observation
Databases
Lung
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Cite this

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title = "Appropriate selection for omalizumab treatment in patients with severe asthma?",
abstract = "Background: Omalizumab improves asthma control in patients with uncontrolled severe allergic asthma; however, appropriate patient selection is crucial. Information in this field is sparse. Objective: We aimed to estimate whether potential omalizumab candidates were appropriately selected according to guidelines, and the clinical effect of omalizumab treatment over time. Design: We performed a retrospective observational study on adult patients with asthma treated with omalizumab during 2006-2015 at the Department of Respiratory Medicine at Odense University Hospital (OUH), Denmark. Data were obtained from the Electronic Patient Journal of OUH and Odense Pharmaco-Epidemiological Database. Guideline criteria for omalizumab treatment were used to evaluate the appropriateness of omalizumab candidate selection, and the Asthma Control Test (ACT) to assess the clinical effects of omalizumab at weeks 16 and 52 from treatment initiation. Results: During the observation period, 24 patients received omalizumab, but only 10 patients (42{\%}) fulfilled criteria recommended by international guidelines. The main reasons for not fulfilling the criteria were inadequately reduced lung function, insufficient number of exacerbations, and asthma standard therapy below Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) step 4-5. Seventeen and 11 patients completed treatment at weeks 16 and 52, with a statistically significant increase in ACT score of 5.1 points [95{\%} confidence interval (CI) 3.1-7.2, p = 0.0001] and 7.7 points (95{\%} CI 4.3-11.1, p = 0.0005), respectively. Conclusion: Only 42{\%} of the omalizumab-treated patients were appropriately selected according to current guidelines. Still, as omalizumab showed significant improvement in asthma control over time, it is important to keep this drug in mind as an add-on to asthma therapy in well-selected patients.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Leo Nygaard and Henriksen, {Daniel Pilsgaard} and Hanne Madsen and Davidsen, {Jesper R{\o}mhild}",
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language = "English",
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Appropriate selection for omalizumab treatment in patients with severe asthma? / Nygaard, Leo; Henriksen, Daniel Pilsgaard; Madsen, Hanne; Davidsen, Jesper Rømhild.

In: European Clinical Respiratory Journal, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1359477, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Appropriate selection for omalizumab treatment in patients with severe asthma?

AU - Nygaard, Leo

AU - Henriksen, Daniel Pilsgaard

AU - Madsen, Hanne

AU - Davidsen, Jesper Rømhild

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Background: Omalizumab improves asthma control in patients with uncontrolled severe allergic asthma; however, appropriate patient selection is crucial. Information in this field is sparse. Objective: We aimed to estimate whether potential omalizumab candidates were appropriately selected according to guidelines, and the clinical effect of omalizumab treatment over time. Design: We performed a retrospective observational study on adult patients with asthma treated with omalizumab during 2006-2015 at the Department of Respiratory Medicine at Odense University Hospital (OUH), Denmark. Data were obtained from the Electronic Patient Journal of OUH and Odense Pharmaco-Epidemiological Database. Guideline criteria for omalizumab treatment were used to evaluate the appropriateness of omalizumab candidate selection, and the Asthma Control Test (ACT) to assess the clinical effects of omalizumab at weeks 16 and 52 from treatment initiation. Results: During the observation period, 24 patients received omalizumab, but only 10 patients (42%) fulfilled criteria recommended by international guidelines. The main reasons for not fulfilling the criteria were inadequately reduced lung function, insufficient number of exacerbations, and asthma standard therapy below Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) step 4-5. Seventeen and 11 patients completed treatment at weeks 16 and 52, with a statistically significant increase in ACT score of 5.1 points [95% confidence interval (CI) 3.1-7.2, p = 0.0001] and 7.7 points (95% CI 4.3-11.1, p = 0.0005), respectively. Conclusion: Only 42% of the omalizumab-treated patients were appropriately selected according to current guidelines. Still, as omalizumab showed significant improvement in asthma control over time, it is important to keep this drug in mind as an add-on to asthma therapy in well-selected patients.

AB - Background: Omalizumab improves asthma control in patients with uncontrolled severe allergic asthma; however, appropriate patient selection is crucial. Information in this field is sparse. Objective: We aimed to estimate whether potential omalizumab candidates were appropriately selected according to guidelines, and the clinical effect of omalizumab treatment over time. Design: We performed a retrospective observational study on adult patients with asthma treated with omalizumab during 2006-2015 at the Department of Respiratory Medicine at Odense University Hospital (OUH), Denmark. Data were obtained from the Electronic Patient Journal of OUH and Odense Pharmaco-Epidemiological Database. Guideline criteria for omalizumab treatment were used to evaluate the appropriateness of omalizumab candidate selection, and the Asthma Control Test (ACT) to assess the clinical effects of omalizumab at weeks 16 and 52 from treatment initiation. Results: During the observation period, 24 patients received omalizumab, but only 10 patients (42%) fulfilled criteria recommended by international guidelines. The main reasons for not fulfilling the criteria were inadequately reduced lung function, insufficient number of exacerbations, and asthma standard therapy below Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) step 4-5. Seventeen and 11 patients completed treatment at weeks 16 and 52, with a statistically significant increase in ACT score of 5.1 points [95% confidence interval (CI) 3.1-7.2, p = 0.0001] and 7.7 points (95% CI 4.3-11.1, p = 0.0005), respectively. Conclusion: Only 42% of the omalizumab-treated patients were appropriately selected according to current guidelines. Still, as omalizumab showed significant improvement in asthma control over time, it is important to keep this drug in mind as an add-on to asthma therapy in well-selected patients.

KW - Journal Article

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DO - 10.1080/20018525.2017.1359477

M3 - Journal article

VL - 4

JO - European Clinical Respiratory Journal

JF - European Clinical Respiratory Journal

SN - 2001-8525

IS - 1

M1 - 1359477

ER -