Anodic and cathodic extracellular electron transfer by the filamentous bacterium Ardenticatena maritima 110S

Satoshi Kawaichi, Tetsuya Yamada, Akio Umezawa, Shawn E. McGlynn, Takehiro Suzuki, Naoshi Dohmae, Takashi Yoshida, Yoshihiko Sako, Nobuhiro Matsushita, Kazuhito Hashimoto, Ryuhei Nakamura*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Ardenticatena maritima strain 110S is a filamentous bacterium isolated from an iron-rich coastal hydrothermal field, and it is a unique isolate capable of dissimilatory iron or nitrate reduction among the members of the bacterial phylum Chloroflexi. Here, we report the ability of A. maritima strain 110S to utilize electrodes as a sole electron acceptor and donor when coupled with the oxidation of organic compounds and nitrate reduction, respectively. In addition, multicellular filaments with hundreds of cells arranged end-to-end increased the extracellular electron transfer (EET) ability to electrodes by organizing filaments into bundled structures, with the aid of microbially reduced iron oxide minerals on the cell surface of strain 110S. Based on these findings, together with the attempt to detect surface-localized cytochromes in the genome sequence and the demonstration of redox-dependent staining and immunostaining of the cell surface, we propose a model of bidirectional electron transport by A. maritima strain 110S, in which surface-localized multiheme cytochromes and surface-associated iron minerals serve as a conduit of bidirectional EET in multicellular filaments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number68
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Issue numberFEB
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Cytochromes
  • Extracellular electron transfer
  • Filamentous bacteria
  • Iron reducing bacteria
  • Nitrate


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