Anapole states in gap-surface plasmon resonators

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Anapole states associated with the destructive interference between dipole and toroidal moments result in suppressed scattering accompanied by strongly enhanced near fields. In this work, we comprehensively examine the anapole state formation in metal-insulator-metal configurations supporting gap surface-plasmon (GSP) resonances that are widely used in plasmonics. Using multipole decomposition, we show that in contrast to the common case of dielectric particles with out-of-phase superposition of electric and toroidal dipoles anapole states in GSP resonators are formed due to the compensation of magnetic dipole moments. Unlike anapole states in dielectric particles, magnetic anapole states in GSP resonator does not provide a pronounced suppression of scattering, but it features huge electric field enhancement, which we verify by numerical simulations and two-photon luminescence measurements. This makes the GSP resonator configuration very promising for use in a wide range of applications, ranging from nonlinear harmonic generation to absorption enhancement and sensing.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNano Letters
Issue number15
Pages (from-to)6098-6104
Publication statusPublished - 10. Aug 2022


  • Anapole states
  • gap surface-plasmon resonator
  • GSP
  • magnetic anapole
  • magnetic toroidal dipole
  • two-photon luminescence


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