Analysis of free cisplatin in microdialysates and plasma ultrafiltrate by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

A. V. Schmedes, C. Harlev*, M. Bue, E. K. Petersen, M. L. Bergmann, L. K. Petersen, M. Stilling

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Cisplatin is a potent cytotoxic agent used in the treatment of various malignancies and exerts its antitumor effect through malignant cell DNA damage and apoptosis induction. Evaluation of systemic delivery of cisplatin is important in optimization of cisplatin treatment. However, accurate quantification of systemic cisplatin is challenging due to its various forms in circulation. This study aimed to develop a sensitive (LOQ < 0.1 µg/mL) and precise Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC) – Tandem Mass Spectrometry (MS/MS) method for quantifying free cisplatin in microdialysates and plasma. Furthermore the aim was to compare free cisplatin concentrations measured in standard plasma samples with those obtained from intravenous microdialysis catheters in a porcine model. The method developed utilizes dichloro(ethylenediamine)platinum(II) as an internal standard that co-elutes with cisplatin, ensuring precise correction for ion suppression/enhancement effects. The method was validated, demonstrating linearity up to 100 µg/mL and good intermediate precision (CV% < 6 %) in the range of 1.0–100 µg/mL, with an LOQ of 0.03 µg/mL. The pharmacokinetic parameters (AUC0-last, Cmax, T1/2, and Tmax) showed no significant differences between the two sampling methods. This validated LC-MS/MS method provides a reliable tool for quantifying systemic free cisplatin concentrations, facilitating future systemic and local pharmacokinetic evaluations for optimization of cisplatin-based cancer treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124040
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume1235
Number of pages8
ISSN1570-0232
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1. Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Author(s)

Keywords

  • Cisplatin
  • Microdialysis
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • UPLC-MS/MS
  • Chromatography, Liquid/methods
  • Plasma/chemistry
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods
  • Animals
  • Swine
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
  • Cisplatin/analysis
  • Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

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