An Optimal Self-Report Physical Activity Measure for Older Adults: Does Physical Function Matter?

Nancy W. Glynn, Alexa J. Meinhardt, Kelsea R. LaSorda, Jessica L. Graves, Theresa Gmelin, Allison M. Gerger, Paolo Caserotti, Robert M. Boudreau

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The authors compared two self-report measures of physical activity, the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) and the Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors (CHAMPS), against the device-derived SenseWear Armband (SWA), to identify a recommended self-report tool to measure physical activity in older adults across physical function levels. A total of 65 community-dwelling older adults completed the PASE, CHAMPS, and seven full days of SWA wear. The authors measured physical function using the modified short physical performance battery (SPPB) and a usual-paced 6-m walk. Age- and sex-adjusted Spearman correlations showed that CHAMPS and SWA were correlated in higher functioning participants (SPPB: rho = .33, p = .03; gait speed: rho = .40, p = .006) and also correlated in lower functioning participants for SPPB (rho = .70, p = .003) only. PASE and SWA were not significantly correlated across physical function. When an objective measure of physical activity is not practical, the CHAMPS questionnaire appears to capture physical activity for older adults across physical function levels.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume29
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)193-199
ISSN1063-8652
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • accelerometry
  • exercise
  • physical performance
  • validation studies
  • Walking
  • Exercise
  • Health Promotion
  • Humans
  • Self Report
  • Aged
  • Walking Speed

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