Albuminuria predicts adverse renal outcome in kidney transplant recipients. The present study addressed the hypothesis that albuminuria is associated with increased urine serine proteases with the ability to activate the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and with greater extracellular volume and higher blood pressure. In a cross-sectional design, kidney transplant recipients with (n = 18) and without (n = 19) albuminuria were included for office blood pressure measurements, estimation of volume status by bioimpedance, and collection of spot urine and plasma samples. Urine was analyzed for serine proteases and for the ability to activate ENaC current in vitro. Urine exosome protein was immunoblotted for prostasin and γ-ENaC protein. In the present study, it was found that, compared with nonalbuminuria (8.8 mg/g creatinine), albuminuric (1,722 mg/g creatinine) kidney transplant recipients had a higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure, despite receiving significantly more antihypertensives, and a greater urinary total plasminogen, active plasmin, active urokinase-type plasminogen activator, and prostasin protein abundance, which correlated significantly with u-albumin. Fluid overload correlated with systolic blood pressure, urinary albumin/creatinine, and plasminogen/creatinine. Urine from albuminuric kidney transplant recipients evoked a greater amiloride- and aprotinin-sensitive inward current in single collecting duct cells (murine cell line M1). γENaC subunits at 50 and 75 kDa showed increased abundance in urine exosomes from albuminuric kidney transplant recipients when compared with controls. These findings show that albuminuria in kidney transplant recipients is associated with hypertension, ability of urine to proteolytically activate ENaC current, and increased abundance of γENaC. ENaC activity could contribute to hypertension and adverse outcome in posttransplant proteinuria.