Aerobic capacity related to cardiac size in young children

M Dencker, P Wollmer, M Karlsson, Lars Bo Andersen, O Thorsson

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Aim. Aerobic capacity, defined as peak oxygen uptake (VO 2PEAK), is generally considered to be the best single marker for aerobic fitness. We assessed if V0 2PEAK is related to different cardiac dimensions in healthy young children on a population base. Methods. In a cross-sectional study, 245 children (137 boys and 108 girls) aged 8-11 years, were recruited from a population based cohort V0 2PEAK (ml/min -1/kg -1) was assessed by indirect calorimetry during a maximal exercise test DXA-scan was used to measure lean body mass (LBM) and total fat mass (TBF). Echocardiography, with 2-dimensional guided M-mode, was performed in accordance with current guidelines. Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVDD) and left atrial end-systolic diameter (LA) were measured, and left ventricular mass (LVM) was calculated. Results. Univariate correlations were found between VO 2PEAKversus LVDD r=0.44 and LA r=0.27 (both P≤0.05) and LVM r=-0.06 (NS) in boys. Corresponding values for girls were; 0.55, 034 (both P≤0.05) and 0.11 (NS). Multiple regression analysis with VO 2PEAK as dependent variable and inclusion of LBM, TBF, sex, age, Tanner stage, and maximal heart rate as independent variables showed that 67% of the total variance of VO 2PEAK could be explained by these variables. Including LVDD or LA in the model, added 1% additional explained variance. Conclusion. Findings from this population based cohort of young healthy children show that multiple cardiac dimensions at rest are related to VO 2PEAK. However, the different cardiac dimensions contributed very little to the added explained variance of VO 2PEAK.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Volume53
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)42-47
Number of pages6
ISSN0022-4707
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

Keywords

  • Child
  • Echocardiography
  • Exercise.

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