Advancing health equity for populations with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review of facilitators and barriers to implementation of health checks and screening

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewResearchpeer-review

Abstract

People with intellectual disabilities (IDs) experience extensive health disparities, including earlier death and higher incidence of chronic disease. These inequities have been connected to reduced provision of, and access to, preventive health care for this population. We review the evidence as it relates to barriers and facilitators of effective implementation of health checks and screenings for people with IDs. We conducted our review according to the PRISMA guidelines. We systematically searched seven academic databases for articles on barriers and facilitators of health check implementation for people with IDs. A total of 17 articles met our inclusion criteria. Four were quantitative articles and 13 were qualitative. Four of the qualitative studies focused on patient experiences of attending health checks and screenings. The remaining 13 studies reported on health professionals’ perspectives on implementation. We noted implementation barriers and facilitators at three levels: Individual, organizational, and structural. Across these levels, we identified 17 distinct implementation factors that may be avoided or harnessed to facilitate health check implementation and access for people with IDs. We discuss our results and potential solutions for better, more effective implementation of health checks and screenings for people with IDs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSSM - Health Systems
ISSN2949-8562
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5. Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Intellectual Disability
  • Health Equity
  • Health checks
  • Prevention

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