Adolescents who engage in active school transport are also more active in other contexts

A space-time investigation

Tom Stewart, Scott Duncan, Jasper Schipperijn

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although active school travel (AST) is important for increasing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), it is unclear how AST is related to context-specific physical activity and non-school travel. This study investigated how school travel is related to physical activity and travel behaviours across time- and space-classified domains.

METHODS: A total of 196 adolescents wore a Global Positioning System receiver and an accelerometer for 7 days. All data were classified into one of four domains: home, school, transport, or leisure. Generalized linear mixed models were used to compare domain-specific PA and non-school trips between active and passive school travellers.

RESULTS: Active travellers accumulated 13 and 14 more min of MVPA on weekdays and weekend days, respectively. They also spent 15min less time in vehicular travel during non-school trips, and accrued an additional 9min of MVPA while walking on weekend days. However, those with no AST still achieved most of their MVPA in the transport domain.

CONCLUSIONS: AST is related to out-of-school physical activity and transportation, but transport is also important for those who do not use AST. As such, future studies should consider overall mobility and destinations other than school when assessing travel and physical activity behaviours.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHealth & Place
Volume43
Pages (from-to)25-32
ISSN1353-8292
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

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physical activity
adolescent
travel
Exercise
school
weekend
time
Geographic Information Systems
travel behavior
accelerometer
Leisure Activities
walking
Linear Models
GPS
recipient

Cite this

@article{f1a259d3f2184f9d98c0813cabbc3612,
title = "Adolescents who engage in active school transport are also more active in other contexts: A space-time investigation",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Although active school travel (AST) is important for increasing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), it is unclear how AST is related to context-specific physical activity and non-school travel. This study investigated how school travel is related to physical activity and travel behaviours across time- and space-classified domains.METHODS: A total of 196 adolescents wore a Global Positioning System receiver and an accelerometer for 7 days. All data were classified into one of four domains: home, school, transport, or leisure. Generalized linear mixed models were used to compare domain-specific PA and non-school trips between active and passive school travellers.RESULTS: Active travellers accumulated 13 and 14 more min of MVPA on weekdays and weekend days, respectively. They also spent 15min less time in vehicular travel during non-school trips, and accrued an additional 9min of MVPA while walking on weekend days. However, those with no AST still achieved most of their MVPA in the transport domain.CONCLUSIONS: AST is related to out-of-school physical activity and transportation, but transport is also important for those who do not use AST. As such, future studies should consider overall mobility and destinations other than school when assessing travel and physical activity behaviours.",
author = "Tom Stewart and Scott Duncan and Jasper Schipperijn",
note = "Copyright {\^A}{\circledC} 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.11.009",
language = "English",
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pages = "25--32",
journal = "Health & Place",
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Adolescents who engage in active school transport are also more active in other contexts : A space-time investigation. / Stewart, Tom; Duncan, Scott; Schipperijn, Jasper.

In: Health & Place, Vol. 43, 01.2017, p. 25-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adolescents who engage in active school transport are also more active in other contexts

T2 - A space-time investigation

AU - Stewart, Tom

AU - Duncan, Scott

AU - Schipperijn, Jasper

N1 - Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2017/1

Y1 - 2017/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: Although active school travel (AST) is important for increasing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), it is unclear how AST is related to context-specific physical activity and non-school travel. This study investigated how school travel is related to physical activity and travel behaviours across time- and space-classified domains.METHODS: A total of 196 adolescents wore a Global Positioning System receiver and an accelerometer for 7 days. All data were classified into one of four domains: home, school, transport, or leisure. Generalized linear mixed models were used to compare domain-specific PA and non-school trips between active and passive school travellers.RESULTS: Active travellers accumulated 13 and 14 more min of MVPA on weekdays and weekend days, respectively. They also spent 15min less time in vehicular travel during non-school trips, and accrued an additional 9min of MVPA while walking on weekend days. However, those with no AST still achieved most of their MVPA in the transport domain.CONCLUSIONS: AST is related to out-of-school physical activity and transportation, but transport is also important for those who do not use AST. As such, future studies should consider overall mobility and destinations other than school when assessing travel and physical activity behaviours.

AB - BACKGROUND: Although active school travel (AST) is important for increasing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), it is unclear how AST is related to context-specific physical activity and non-school travel. This study investigated how school travel is related to physical activity and travel behaviours across time- and space-classified domains.METHODS: A total of 196 adolescents wore a Global Positioning System receiver and an accelerometer for 7 days. All data were classified into one of four domains: home, school, transport, or leisure. Generalized linear mixed models were used to compare domain-specific PA and non-school trips between active and passive school travellers.RESULTS: Active travellers accumulated 13 and 14 more min of MVPA on weekdays and weekend days, respectively. They also spent 15min less time in vehicular travel during non-school trips, and accrued an additional 9min of MVPA while walking on weekend days. However, those with no AST still achieved most of their MVPA in the transport domain.CONCLUSIONS: AST is related to out-of-school physical activity and transportation, but transport is also important for those who do not use AST. As such, future studies should consider overall mobility and destinations other than school when assessing travel and physical activity behaviours.

U2 - 10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.11.009

DO - 10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.11.009

M3 - Journal article

VL - 43

SP - 25

EP - 32

JO - Health & Place

JF - Health & Place

SN - 1353-8292

ER -