Additive manufacturing and the global factory

Disruptive technologies and the location of international business

Martin Hannibal, Gary Knight*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Additive manufacturing (AM) is an emergent technology that is shifting the nature of production, sourcing, and other value-chain activities. AM has the potential to substantially disrupt the structure and operations of international business. In this paper, we leverage the global factory concept (e.g., Buckley & Ghauri, 2004) to frame our discussion of the likely impact of AM on global production. We identify and conceptualize specific variables and relationships to offer a nuanced explanation that highlights the potential re-distribution of global production at four levels of analysis – global, country, local area, and household. We propose how key variables – Intellectual Property Status, Industrial Standards, Branding, Aesthetics, Authenticity, Material Type, Complexity, Customization, Size, Logistical Complexity, Delivery Timeliness, Demand, Access, and Technical Competence – likely will impact localization of production. We examine industries and production activities likely to be most affected by AM. We conclude with a discussion of managerial and practical implications and identify avenues for further research.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Business Review
Volume27
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1116-1127
ISSN0969-5931
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1. Dec 2018

Fingerprint

Factory
Disruptive technology
International business
Manufacturing
Localization
Household
Sourcing
Value chain
Industry
Levels of analysis
Timeliness
Authenticity
Customization
Redistribution
Leverage
Branding
Intellectual property

Keywords

  • Additive manufacturing
  • Disruptive technology
  • Distributed digital manufacturing
  • Global factory

Cite this

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title = "Additive manufacturing and the global factory: Disruptive technologies and the location of international business",
abstract = "Additive manufacturing (AM) is an emergent technology that is shifting the nature of production, sourcing, and other value-chain activities. AM has the potential to substantially disrupt the structure and operations of international business. In this paper, we leverage the global factory concept (e.g., Buckley & Ghauri, 2004) to frame our discussion of the likely impact of AM on global production. We identify and conceptualize specific variables and relationships to offer a nuanced explanation that highlights the potential re-distribution of global production at four levels of analysis – global, country, local area, and household. We propose how key variables – Intellectual Property Status, Industrial Standards, Branding, Aesthetics, Authenticity, Material Type, Complexity, Customization, Size, Logistical Complexity, Delivery Timeliness, Demand, Access, and Technical Competence – likely will impact localization of production. We examine industries and production activities likely to be most affected by AM. We conclude with a discussion of managerial and practical implications and identify avenues for further research.",
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Additive manufacturing and the global factory : Disruptive technologies and the location of international business. / Hannibal, Martin; Knight, Gary.

In: International Business Review, Vol. 27, No. 6, 01.12.2018, p. 1116-1127.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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AB - Additive manufacturing (AM) is an emergent technology that is shifting the nature of production, sourcing, and other value-chain activities. AM has the potential to substantially disrupt the structure and operations of international business. In this paper, we leverage the global factory concept (e.g., Buckley & Ghauri, 2004) to frame our discussion of the likely impact of AM on global production. We identify and conceptualize specific variables and relationships to offer a nuanced explanation that highlights the potential re-distribution of global production at four levels of analysis – global, country, local area, and household. We propose how key variables – Intellectual Property Status, Industrial Standards, Branding, Aesthetics, Authenticity, Material Type, Complexity, Customization, Size, Logistical Complexity, Delivery Timeliness, Demand, Access, and Technical Competence – likely will impact localization of production. We examine industries and production activities likely to be most affected by AM. We conclude with a discussion of managerial and practical implications and identify avenues for further research.

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