Acute lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats

Benjamin J. Moody, Caleb Liberman, Peter Zvara, Phillip P. Smith, Kalev Freeman, Katarina Zvarova*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Aims The aim of this study was to assess experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI)-induced lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) by monitoring systemic and urodynamic parameters using an implantable telemetry system. Methods A single lateral fluid percussion TBI (FP-TBI; 3.4 atm) was administered to 10 female rats. Pressure micro-catheters were implanted in the abdominal aorta and bladder dome for simultaneous data recording. Hemodynamic and urodynamic variables recorded 24hr before and 24hr after injury were analyzed and compared. Results TBI in the acute phase resulted in LUTD affecting bladder emptying, characterized by failure of voiding reflex, high capacity bladder, increased voided volume, prolonged intermicturition intervals, and loss of compliance. The dominant symptom was urinary retention (100%) and incontinence (60%). The effects followed a pattern of initial loss of bladder function followed by either altered recovery of reflex micturition or a period of incontinence. With a moderate injury symptoms were temporary in 90% of animals and permanent in 10% of animals. Injury produced only transient hypertension (≤1hr) with a maximum systolic pressure of 172.64±14.53mmHg (70% of animals). Conclusions The results demonstrate that experimental FP-TBI causes temporary bladder dysfunction that in more severe cases becomes permanent. Telemetry recordings revealed a sequence of events following injury that establishes moderate TBI as a risk factor for neurogenic bladder disorder. Results also suggest a correlation between lateral FP-TBI and incontinence.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeurourology and Urodynamics
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)1159-1164
Publication statusPublished - 1. Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • bladder dysfunction
  • cystometry
  • fluid percussion injury
  • telemetry
  • traumatic brain injury

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