Acute high-intensity football games can improve children's inhibitory control and neurophysiological measures of attention

Rune Rasmussen Lind*, Mikkel Malling Beck, Johan Wikman, Krzysztof Malarski, Peter Krustrup, Jesper Lundbye-Jensen, Svend Sparre Geertsen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Recent studies suggest that a single bout of exercise can lead to transient performance improvements in specific cognitive domains in children. However, more knowledge is needed to determine the key exercise characteristics for obtaining these effects and how they translate into real-world settings. In the present study, we investigate how small-sided football games of either high- or moderate-intensity affect measures of inhibitory control in a school setting. Eighty-one children (mean age 11.8, 48 boys) were randomly allocated to three groups performing 20-minute of high-intensity small-sided real football games (SRF), moderate-intensity small-sided walking football games (SWF) or resting (RF). Behavioral measures of inhibitory control and neurophysiological measures of attention (P300 latency and amplitude) were obtained during a flanker task performed at baseline and 20 minutes following the intervention. Retention of declarative memory was assessed in a visual memory task 7 days after the intervention. Measures of inhibitory control improved more in children performing SRF compared to SWF 19 ms, 95% CI [7, 31 ms] (P = 0.041). This was paralleled by larger increases in P300 amplitudes at Fz in children performing SRF compared both to RF in congruent (3.54 μV, 95% CI [0.85, 6.23 μV], P = 0.039) and incongruent trials (5.56 μV, 95% CI [2.87, 8.25 μV], P < 0.001) and compared to SWF in incongruent trials (4.10 μV, 95% CI [1.41, 6.68 μV], P = 0.010). No effects were found in measures of declarative memory. Together this indicates that acute high-intensity small-sided football games can transiently improve measures of inhibitory control and neurophysiological correlates of attention. Intense small-sided football games are easily implementable and can be employed by practitioners, for example, during breaks throughout the school day.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Volume29
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1546-1562
ISSN0905-7188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

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Lind, Rune Rasmussen ; Beck, Mikkel Malling ; Wikman, Johan ; Malarski, Krzysztof ; Krustrup, Peter ; Lundbye-Jensen, Jesper ; Geertsen, Svend Sparre. / Acute high-intensity football games can improve children's inhibitory control and neurophysiological measures of attention. In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2019 ; Vol. 29, No. 10. pp. 1546-1562.
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title = "Acute high-intensity football games can improve children's inhibitory control and neurophysiological measures of attention",
abstract = "Recent studies suggest that a single bout of exercise can lead to transient performance improvements in specific cognitive domains in children. However, more knowledge is needed to determine the key exercise characteristics for obtaining these effects and how they translate into real-world settings. In the present study, we investigate how small-sided football games of either high- or moderate-intensity affect measures of inhibitory control in a school setting. Eighty-one children (mean age 11.8, 48 boys) were randomly allocated to three groups performing 20-minute of high-intensity small-sided real football games (SRF), moderate-intensity small-sided walking football games (SWF) or resting (RF). Behavioral measures of inhibitory control and neurophysiological measures of attention (P300 latency and amplitude) were obtained during a flanker task performed at baseline and 20 minutes following the intervention. Retention of declarative memory was assessed in a visual memory task 7 days after the intervention. Measures of inhibitory control improved more in children performing SRF compared to SWF 19 ms, 95{\%} CI [7, 31 ms] (P = 0.041). This was paralleled by larger increases in P300 amplitudes at Fz in children performing SRF compared both to RF in congruent (3.54 μV, 95{\%} CI [0.85, 6.23 μV], P = 0.039) and incongruent trials (5.56 μV, 95{\%} CI [2.87, 8.25 μV], P < 0.001) and compared to SWF in incongruent trials (4.10 μV, 95{\%} CI [1.41, 6.68 μV], P = 0.010). No effects were found in measures of declarative memory. Together this indicates that acute high-intensity small-sided football games can transiently improve measures of inhibitory control and neurophysiological correlates of attention. Intense small-sided football games are easily implementable and can be employed by practitioners, for example, during breaks throughout the school day.",
author = "Lind, {Rune Rasmussen} and Beck, {Mikkel Malling} and Johan Wikman and Krzysztof Malarski and Peter Krustrup and Jesper Lundbye-Jensen and Geertsen, {Svend Sparre}",
note = "{\circledC} 2019 The Authors Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science In Sports Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
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Acute high-intensity football games can improve children's inhibitory control and neurophysiological measures of attention. / Lind, Rune Rasmussen; Beck, Mikkel Malling; Wikman, Johan; Malarski, Krzysztof; Krustrup, Peter; Lundbye-Jensen, Jesper; Geertsen, Svend Sparre.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, Vol. 29, No. 10, 10.2019, p. 1546-1562.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Acute high-intensity football games can improve children's inhibitory control and neurophysiological measures of attention

AU - Lind, Rune Rasmussen

AU - Beck, Mikkel Malling

AU - Wikman, Johan

AU - Malarski, Krzysztof

AU - Krustrup, Peter

AU - Lundbye-Jensen, Jesper

AU - Geertsen, Svend Sparre

N1 - © 2019 The Authors Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science In Sports Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2019/10

Y1 - 2019/10

N2 - Recent studies suggest that a single bout of exercise can lead to transient performance improvements in specific cognitive domains in children. However, more knowledge is needed to determine the key exercise characteristics for obtaining these effects and how they translate into real-world settings. In the present study, we investigate how small-sided football games of either high- or moderate-intensity affect measures of inhibitory control in a school setting. Eighty-one children (mean age 11.8, 48 boys) were randomly allocated to three groups performing 20-minute of high-intensity small-sided real football games (SRF), moderate-intensity small-sided walking football games (SWF) or resting (RF). Behavioral measures of inhibitory control and neurophysiological measures of attention (P300 latency and amplitude) were obtained during a flanker task performed at baseline and 20 minutes following the intervention. Retention of declarative memory was assessed in a visual memory task 7 days after the intervention. Measures of inhibitory control improved more in children performing SRF compared to SWF 19 ms, 95% CI [7, 31 ms] (P = 0.041). This was paralleled by larger increases in P300 amplitudes at Fz in children performing SRF compared both to RF in congruent (3.54 μV, 95% CI [0.85, 6.23 μV], P = 0.039) and incongruent trials (5.56 μV, 95% CI [2.87, 8.25 μV], P < 0.001) and compared to SWF in incongruent trials (4.10 μV, 95% CI [1.41, 6.68 μV], P = 0.010). No effects were found in measures of declarative memory. Together this indicates that acute high-intensity small-sided football games can transiently improve measures of inhibitory control and neurophysiological correlates of attention. Intense small-sided football games are easily implementable and can be employed by practitioners, for example, during breaks throughout the school day.

AB - Recent studies suggest that a single bout of exercise can lead to transient performance improvements in specific cognitive domains in children. However, more knowledge is needed to determine the key exercise characteristics for obtaining these effects and how they translate into real-world settings. In the present study, we investigate how small-sided football games of either high- or moderate-intensity affect measures of inhibitory control in a school setting. Eighty-one children (mean age 11.8, 48 boys) were randomly allocated to three groups performing 20-minute of high-intensity small-sided real football games (SRF), moderate-intensity small-sided walking football games (SWF) or resting (RF). Behavioral measures of inhibitory control and neurophysiological measures of attention (P300 latency and amplitude) were obtained during a flanker task performed at baseline and 20 minutes following the intervention. Retention of declarative memory was assessed in a visual memory task 7 days after the intervention. Measures of inhibitory control improved more in children performing SRF compared to SWF 19 ms, 95% CI [7, 31 ms] (P = 0.041). This was paralleled by larger increases in P300 amplitudes at Fz in children performing SRF compared both to RF in congruent (3.54 μV, 95% CI [0.85, 6.23 μV], P = 0.039) and incongruent trials (5.56 μV, 95% CI [2.87, 8.25 μV], P < 0.001) and compared to SWF in incongruent trials (4.10 μV, 95% CI [1.41, 6.68 μV], P = 0.010). No effects were found in measures of declarative memory. Together this indicates that acute high-intensity small-sided football games can transiently improve measures of inhibitory control and neurophysiological correlates of attention. Intense small-sided football games are easily implementable and can be employed by practitioners, for example, during breaks throughout the school day.

U2 - 10.1111/sms.13485

DO - 10.1111/sms.13485

M3 - Journal article

VL - 29

SP - 1546

EP - 1562

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

SN - 0905-7188

IS - 10

ER -