Research output per year
Research output per year
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
Intramuscular lipid droplets (LDs) and mitochondria are essential organelles in cellular communication and metabolism, supporting local energy demands during muscle contractions. While insulin resistance impacts cellular functions and systems within the skeletal muscle, it remains unclear whether the interaction of LDs and mitochondria is affected by exercise and the role of obesity and type 2 diabetes. By employing transmission electron microscopy (TEM), we aimed to investigate the effects of 1-hour ergometry cycling on LD morphology, subcellular distribution, and mitochondrial contact in skeletal muscle fibres of patients with type 2 diabetes and glucose-tolerant lean and obese controls, matched for equal exercise intensities. Exercise did not change LD volumetric density, numerical density, profile size, or subcellular distribution. However, evaluated as the magnitude of inter-organelle contact, exercise increased the contact between LDs and mitochondria with no differences between the three groups. This effect was most profound in the subsarcolemmal space of type 1 muscle fibres, and here the absolute contact length increased on average from ∼275 to ∼420 nm. Furthermore, the absolute contact length before exercise (ranging from ∼140 to ∼430 nm) was positively associated with the fat oxidation rate during exercise. In conclusion, we showed that acute exercise did not mediate changes in the LD volume fractions, numbers, or size but increased the contact between LDs and mitochondria, irrespective of obesity or type 2 diabetes. These data suggest that the increased LD-mitochondrial contact with exercise is not disturbed in obesity or type 2 diabetes. KEY POINTS: Type 2 diabetes is associated with altered interactivity between lipid droplets (LDs) and mitochondria in the skeletal muscle. Physical contact between the surface of LDs and the surrounding mitochondrial network is considered favorable for fat oxidation. We show that one hour of acute exercise increases the length of contact between LDs and mitochondria, irrespective of obesity or type 2 diabetes. This contact length between LDs and mitochondria is not associated with a net decrease in the LD volumetric density after the acute exercise. However, it correlates with the fat oxidation rate during exercise. Our data establish that exercise mediates contact between LDs and the mitochondrial network and that this effect is not impaired in individuals with type 2 diabetes or obesity. Abstract figure legend One hour of acute exercise increases the absolute and relative measured contact between lipid droplets and mitochondria, irrespective of obesity or type 2 diabetes. Increases in lipid droplet-mitochondrial contact were not associated with changes in lipid droplet content (volume fractions) nor volumetric composition (number or size). The figure was designed using BioRender and resources from Flaticon.com. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Research output: Thesis › Ph.D. thesis