Activating socio-cultural values for sustainable tourism development in natural protected areas

Janne Liburd*, Birthe Menke, Kristof Tomej

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Despite the widely recognized importance of involvement of diverse stakeholders for sustainable tourism and protected areas development, there remains a lack of understanding of what participatory processes can do and how they can be made productive. In this article, we focus on stakeholders’ socio-cultural values and demonstrate how they can be activated through tourism co-design for advancing sustainable tourism development in natural protected areas. Evidence from 11 nature and national parks in Denmark detail how tourism co-design can contribute to changing the dialogue, negotiating differences, and bridging disagreements between stakeholders and identify latent opportunities for sustainable tourism development. This nationwide study, firstly, advances sustainable development theory by demonstrating how sustainable transformations can be leveraged from shared values by stakeholders who identify with a protected area. Secondly, we propose how distant sustainable tourism futures can be imagined and made relatable with others.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Sustainable Tourism
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10. May 2023


  • natural protected areas
  • Socio-cultural values
  • stakeholders
  • sustainable tourism development
  • tourism co-design


Dive into the research topics of 'Activating socio-cultural values for sustainable tourism development in natural protected areas'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this