Accuracy of a point-of-care blood lactate measurement device in a prehospital setting

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Abstract

Point-of-care blood lactate is a promising prognostic biomarker of short-term mortality risk. Portable lactate meters need validation in the prehospital setting before widespread implementation and it is unknown whether the mode of sampling (arterial, capillary or venous) matters. This study aims to compare the StatStrip Xpress Lactate Meter's (SSX) accuracy to a validated blood gas analyser, ABL90 FLEX (ABL90), in arterial samples in the prehospital environment and to determine if lactate levels measured in venous and capillary blood samples are sufficiently accurate compared to arterial lactate levels. Patients with arterial samples drawn by the prehospital anaesthesiologist for any reason were eligible for inclusion. Simultaneously, three blood samples (arterial, capillary and venous) were analysed on SSX and arterial blood on ABL90. Measurements of agreements were evaluated by Lin's concordance correlations coefficient (CCC) and Bland-Altman Plots. One-hundred-and-eleven patients were included. SSX showed good accuracy compared to ABL90 in arterial samples with a CCC of 0.92 (95% CI 0.90-0.94). Compared to the arterial samples measured on ABL90, venous samples analysed on SSX showed higher agreement than capillary samples analysed on SSX with CCCs of 0.88 (95% CI 0.85-0.91) and 0.79 (95% CI 0.72-0.85), respectively. Bland-Altman plots showed that SSX lactate measurements in arterial, venous and capillary blood samples all had systematically negative biases compared to ABL90. We conclude that the SSX is accurate in our prehospital setting. Venous samples should be preferred over capillary samples, when arterial samples cannot be obtained.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
ISSN1387-1307
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27. Jan 2022

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© 2022. The Author(s).

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