Purpose To present an overview of the evidence of the effect of job loss prevention interventions, aiming to improve work ability and decrease absenteeism and/or job loss in persons with inflammatory arthritis (IA). Method A systematic literature search in the databases PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library was conducted. A search strategy used in a review from 2014 was copied and additional keywords were added with no time restriction. The Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool (RoB 1) was used for quality assessment and the overall quality of each study was determined using predetermined cut-off criteria, categorising studies to be of good-, acceptable- or low quality. Results were summarised narratively. Results Six randomised controlled trials (published in seven articles) were included, one of good quality and five of acceptable quality. One study identified significant improvements in work ability, while three found no significant difference between groups. One study identified significant difference in absenteeism, while two studies identified no difference between the intervention and control groups. Two studies identified significant reduction in job loss, while two studies identified no group difference. The inconsistent results may be due to heterogeneity in interventions and outcome measures used, and the results should therefore be interpreted with caution. Conclusion The results indicate that job loss prevention interventions may have an effect on work ability, absenteeism and in particular job loss among persons with IA. Further good-quality studies regarding job loss prevention interventions for people with IA are still recommended.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
- Occupational therapy
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Vocational rehabilitation