A Single Rainbow Trout Cobalamin-binding Protein Stands in for Three Human Binders

Eva Holm Greibe, Sergey Fedosov, Boe S Sorensen, Peter Højrup, Steen Seier Poulsen, Ebba Nexo

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Cobalamin uptake and transport in mammals are mediated by three cobalamin-binding proteins: haptocorrin, intrinsic factor, and transcobalamin. The nature of cobalamin-binding proteins in lower vertebrates remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to characterize the cobalamin-binding proteins of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and to compare their properties with those of the three human cobalamin-binding proteins. High cobalamin-binding capacity was found in trout stomach (210 pmol/g), roe (400 pmol/g), roe fluid (390 nmol/liter), and plasma (2500 nmol/liter). In all cases, it appeared to be the same protein based on analysis of partial sequences and immunological responses. The trout cobalamin-binding protein was purified from roe fluid, sequenced, and further characterized. Like haptocorrin, the trout cobalamin-binding protein was stable at low pH and had a high binding affinity for the cobalamin analog cobinamide. Like haptocorrin and transcobalamin, the trout cobalamin-binding protein was present in plasma and recognized ligands with altered nucleotide moiety. Like intrinsic factors, the trout cobalamin-binding protein was present in the stomach and resisted degradation by trypsin and chymotrypsin. It also resembled intrinsic factor in the composition of conserved residues in the primary cobalamin-binding site in the C terminus. The trout cobalamin-binding protein was glycosylated and displayed spectral properties comparable with those of haptocorrin and intrinsic factor. In conclusion, only one soluble cobalamin-binding protein was identified in the rainbow trout, a protein that structurally behaves like an intermediate between the three human cobalamin-binding proteins.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume287
Issue number40
Pages (from-to)33917-25
Number of pages9
ISSN0021-9258
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Transcobalamins
Oncorhynchus mykiss
Binders
Trout
Intrinsic Factor
Vitamin B 12
Plasmas

Cite this

Greibe, Eva Holm ; Fedosov, Sergey ; Sorensen, Boe S ; Højrup, Peter ; Poulsen, Steen Seier ; Nexo, Ebba. / A Single Rainbow Trout Cobalamin-binding Protein Stands in for Three Human Binders. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2012 ; Vol. 287, No. 40. pp. 33917-25.
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abstract = "Cobalamin uptake and transport in mammals are mediated by three cobalamin-binding proteins: haptocorrin, intrinsic factor, and transcobalamin. The nature of cobalamin-binding proteins in lower vertebrates remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to characterize the cobalamin-binding proteins of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and to compare their properties with those of the three human cobalamin-binding proteins. High cobalamin-binding capacity was found in trout stomach (210 pmol/g), roe (400 pmol/g), roe fluid (390 nmol/liter), and plasma (2500 nmol/liter). In all cases, it appeared to be the same protein based on analysis of partial sequences and immunological responses. The trout cobalamin-binding protein was purified from roe fluid, sequenced, and further characterized. Like haptocorrin, the trout cobalamin-binding protein was stable at low pH and had a high binding affinity for the cobalamin analog cobinamide. Like haptocorrin and transcobalamin, the trout cobalamin-binding protein was present in plasma and recognized ligands with altered nucleotide moiety. Like intrinsic factors, the trout cobalamin-binding protein was present in the stomach and resisted degradation by trypsin and chymotrypsin. It also resembled intrinsic factor in the composition of conserved residues in the primary cobalamin-binding site in the C terminus. The trout cobalamin-binding protein was glycosylated and displayed spectral properties comparable with those of haptocorrin and intrinsic factor. In conclusion, only one soluble cobalamin-binding protein was identified in the rainbow trout, a protein that structurally behaves like an intermediate between the three human cobalamin-binding proteins.",
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A Single Rainbow Trout Cobalamin-binding Protein Stands in for Three Human Binders. / Greibe, Eva Holm; Fedosov, Sergey; Sorensen, Boe S; Højrup, Peter; Poulsen, Steen Seier; Nexo, Ebba.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 287, No. 40, 2012, p. 33917-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Single Rainbow Trout Cobalamin-binding Protein Stands in for Three Human Binders

AU - Greibe, Eva Holm

AU - Fedosov, Sergey

AU - Sorensen, Boe S

AU - Højrup, Peter

AU - Poulsen, Steen Seier

AU - Nexo, Ebba

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Cobalamin uptake and transport in mammals are mediated by three cobalamin-binding proteins: haptocorrin, intrinsic factor, and transcobalamin. The nature of cobalamin-binding proteins in lower vertebrates remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to characterize the cobalamin-binding proteins of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and to compare their properties with those of the three human cobalamin-binding proteins. High cobalamin-binding capacity was found in trout stomach (210 pmol/g), roe (400 pmol/g), roe fluid (390 nmol/liter), and plasma (2500 nmol/liter). In all cases, it appeared to be the same protein based on analysis of partial sequences and immunological responses. The trout cobalamin-binding protein was purified from roe fluid, sequenced, and further characterized. Like haptocorrin, the trout cobalamin-binding protein was stable at low pH and had a high binding affinity for the cobalamin analog cobinamide. Like haptocorrin and transcobalamin, the trout cobalamin-binding protein was present in plasma and recognized ligands with altered nucleotide moiety. Like intrinsic factors, the trout cobalamin-binding protein was present in the stomach and resisted degradation by trypsin and chymotrypsin. It also resembled intrinsic factor in the composition of conserved residues in the primary cobalamin-binding site in the C terminus. The trout cobalamin-binding protein was glycosylated and displayed spectral properties comparable with those of haptocorrin and intrinsic factor. In conclusion, only one soluble cobalamin-binding protein was identified in the rainbow trout, a protein that structurally behaves like an intermediate between the three human cobalamin-binding proteins.

AB - Cobalamin uptake and transport in mammals are mediated by three cobalamin-binding proteins: haptocorrin, intrinsic factor, and transcobalamin. The nature of cobalamin-binding proteins in lower vertebrates remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to characterize the cobalamin-binding proteins of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and to compare their properties with those of the three human cobalamin-binding proteins. High cobalamin-binding capacity was found in trout stomach (210 pmol/g), roe (400 pmol/g), roe fluid (390 nmol/liter), and plasma (2500 nmol/liter). In all cases, it appeared to be the same protein based on analysis of partial sequences and immunological responses. The trout cobalamin-binding protein was purified from roe fluid, sequenced, and further characterized. Like haptocorrin, the trout cobalamin-binding protein was stable at low pH and had a high binding affinity for the cobalamin analog cobinamide. Like haptocorrin and transcobalamin, the trout cobalamin-binding protein was present in plasma and recognized ligands with altered nucleotide moiety. Like intrinsic factors, the trout cobalamin-binding protein was present in the stomach and resisted degradation by trypsin and chymotrypsin. It also resembled intrinsic factor in the composition of conserved residues in the primary cobalamin-binding site in the C terminus. The trout cobalamin-binding protein was glycosylated and displayed spectral properties comparable with those of haptocorrin and intrinsic factor. In conclusion, only one soluble cobalamin-binding protein was identified in the rainbow trout, a protein that structurally behaves like an intermediate between the three human cobalamin-binding proteins.

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DO - 10.1074/jbc.M112.398016

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 22872637

VL - 287

SP - 33917

EP - 33925

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 0021-9258

IS - 40

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