A role for autoantibodies in enhancement of pro-inflammatory cytokine responses to a self-antigen, thyroid peroxidase

Claus H Nielsen, Thomas H Brix, R Graham Q Leslie, Laszlo Hegedüs

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The role of thyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibodies (TPOAbs) in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid disease is unclear. We selected sera with a high concentration of TPOAbs from eleven patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), ten healthy monozygotic co-twins to HT patients, and twelve healthy individuals with no familiar disposition to AITD, and mixed each serum with normal mononuclear cells (MNCs). Following challenge with TPO, the MNCs' production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IFN-gamma, and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, correlated with the TPOAb content of the serum present in the culture (p=0.0002-0.05). Enrichment of foetal calf serum-containing media with IgG with a high content of TPOAbs enhanced the TPO-elicited production of TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IFN-gamma by normal MNCs in a dose- and Fcgamma-receptor dependent manner (p<0.0002-0.05). The data indicate that TPO-induced release of pro-inflammatory cytokines from phagocytic cells and T-cell responses to TPO are promoted by TPOAbs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Immunology
Volume133
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)218-27
Number of pages9
ISSN1521-6616
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1. Nov 2009

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Iodide Peroxidase
Hashimoto Disease
Serum
Interleukin-6
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Monozygotic Twins
Phagocytes
Interleukin-10

Cite this

Nielsen, Claus H ; Brix, Thomas H ; Leslie, R Graham Q ; Hegedüs, Laszlo. / A role for autoantibodies in enhancement of pro-inflammatory cytokine responses to a self-antigen, thyroid peroxidase. In: Clinical Immunology. 2009 ; Vol. 133, No. 2. pp. 218-27.
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abstract = "The role of thyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibodies (TPOAbs) in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid disease is unclear. We selected sera with a high concentration of TPOAbs from eleven patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), ten healthy monozygotic co-twins to HT patients, and twelve healthy individuals with no familiar disposition to AITD, and mixed each serum with normal mononuclear cells (MNCs). Following challenge with TPO, the MNCs' production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IFN-gamma, and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, correlated with the TPOAb content of the serum present in the culture (p=0.0002-0.05). Enrichment of foetal calf serum-containing media with IgG with a high content of TPOAbs enhanced the TPO-elicited production of TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IFN-gamma by normal MNCs in a dose- and Fcgamma-receptor dependent manner (p<0.0002-0.05). The data indicate that TPO-induced release of pro-inflammatory cytokines from phagocytic cells and T-cell responses to TPO are promoted by TPOAbs.",
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A role for autoantibodies in enhancement of pro-inflammatory cytokine responses to a self-antigen, thyroid peroxidase. / Nielsen, Claus H; Brix, Thomas H; Leslie, R Graham Q; Hegedüs, Laszlo.

In: Clinical Immunology, Vol. 133, No. 2, 01.11.2009, p. 218-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A role for autoantibodies in enhancement of pro-inflammatory cytokine responses to a self-antigen, thyroid peroxidase

AU - Nielsen, Claus H

AU - Brix, Thomas H

AU - Leslie, R Graham Q

AU - Hegedüs, Laszlo

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N2 - The role of thyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibodies (TPOAbs) in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid disease is unclear. We selected sera with a high concentration of TPOAbs from eleven patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), ten healthy monozygotic co-twins to HT patients, and twelve healthy individuals with no familiar disposition to AITD, and mixed each serum with normal mononuclear cells (MNCs). Following challenge with TPO, the MNCs' production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IFN-gamma, and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, correlated with the TPOAb content of the serum present in the culture (p=0.0002-0.05). Enrichment of foetal calf serum-containing media with IgG with a high content of TPOAbs enhanced the TPO-elicited production of TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IFN-gamma by normal MNCs in a dose- and Fcgamma-receptor dependent manner (p<0.0002-0.05). The data indicate that TPO-induced release of pro-inflammatory cytokines from phagocytic cells and T-cell responses to TPO are promoted by TPOAbs.

AB - The role of thyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibodies (TPOAbs) in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid disease is unclear. We selected sera with a high concentration of TPOAbs from eleven patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), ten healthy monozygotic co-twins to HT patients, and twelve healthy individuals with no familiar disposition to AITD, and mixed each serum with normal mononuclear cells (MNCs). Following challenge with TPO, the MNCs' production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IFN-gamma, and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, correlated with the TPOAb content of the serum present in the culture (p=0.0002-0.05). Enrichment of foetal calf serum-containing media with IgG with a high content of TPOAbs enhanced the TPO-elicited production of TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IFN-gamma by normal MNCs in a dose- and Fcgamma-receptor dependent manner (p<0.0002-0.05). The data indicate that TPO-induced release of pro-inflammatory cytokines from phagocytic cells and T-cell responses to TPO are promoted by TPOAbs.

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