A qualitative study on health risks of Iranian seafarers working on ocean going tankers

Fereshteh Baygi*, Olaf Chresten Jensen, Farzad Shidfar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Title: A qualitative study on health risks of Iranian seafarers working on ocean going tankers.
Authors: Fereshteh Baygi, Olaf Chresten Jensen
Centre of Maritime Health and Society, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark
Background: Seafaring is a highly physically demanding profession in a risky environment due to job related health risks. The purpose of the study is to describe health risks of Iranian seafarers working on tankers.
Materials and methods: In one of the Iranian ocean-going tankers, a qualitative content analysis with inductive approach was performed in 2016. Subjects were 17 male seafarers. They were selected by purposive sampling, which continued until data saturation. Data were gathered using semi-structured questionnaires via in-depth-interviews. All interviews were transcribed into computer files. Analysis was done based on conventional content analysis approach.
Results: Mean job history and age of the informants were 11.9 ± 7.2 and 35.8 ± 9.3 years, respectively. Two main themes emerged during analysis of data and categories were created. The themes were (1) health risks at the ship; (2) high risk ranks at the ship.
Unhealthy eating and physical diseases were considered as subthemes for the first theme. In subjects’ opinion, use of frozen food, having low access to fruits and vegetables, the captain’s unwillingness for purchasing provision, the lack of knowledge regarding healthy eating were the main reasons for unhealthy eating. Also, the informants mentioned skin conditions, gastrointestinal problems, respiratory disorders, cardiovascular diseases, obesity and high blood pressure as challenges regarding physical diseases. From informants’ standpoint, engine staff, captain and key officers had higher risk than other ranks at the ship. Stroke, infertility, visual disorders and deafness were mentioned as the main health problems for engine side. Stress, sleep disorders, and loneliness were mentioned as main health related problems for captain and key officers.
Conclusions: The need for addressing nutrition at sea was acknowledged by seafarers. Also, it seems that revision of some regulations regarding seafarers’ medical examination could be warranted.
Key words: qualitative study, health risks, seafarers
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2019
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventInternational Symposium of Maritime Health15 - Hamburg, Germany
Duration: 12. Jun 201915. Jun 2019
Conference number: 15
https://ismh15.com/en/

Conference

ConferenceInternational Symposium of Maritime Health15
Number15
CountryGermany
CityHamburg
Period12/06/201915/06/2019
Internet address

Fingerprint

Health
Ships
Frozen Foods
Interviews
Loneliness
Denmark
Vegetables
Infertility
Fruit
Public Health
History
Skin

Keywords

  • seafarers
  • health risk
  • Qualitative method

Cite this

Baygi, F., Jensen, O. C., & Shidfar, F. (2019). A qualitative study on health risks of Iranian seafarers working on ocean going tankers. Abstract from International Symposium of Maritime Health15, Hamburg, Germany.
Baygi, Fereshteh ; Jensen, Olaf Chresten ; Shidfar, Farzad. / A qualitative study on health risks of Iranian seafarers working on ocean going tankers. Abstract from International Symposium of Maritime Health15, Hamburg, Germany.1 p.
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Baygi, F, Jensen, OC & Shidfar, F 2019, 'A qualitative study on health risks of Iranian seafarers working on ocean going tankers' International Symposium of Maritime Health15, Hamburg, Germany, 12/06/2019 - 15/06/2019, .

A qualitative study on health risks of Iranian seafarers working on ocean going tankers. / Baygi, Fereshteh; Jensen, Olaf Chresten; Shidfar, Farzad.

2019. Abstract from International Symposium of Maritime Health15, Hamburg, Germany.

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

TY - ABST

T1 - A qualitative study on health risks of Iranian seafarers working on ocean going tankers

AU - Baygi, Fereshteh

AU - Jensen, Olaf Chresten

AU - Shidfar, Farzad

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Title: A qualitative study on health risks of Iranian seafarers working on ocean going tankers. Authors: Fereshteh Baygi, Olaf Chresten JensenCentre of Maritime Health and Society, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, DenmarkBackground: Seafaring is a highly physically demanding profession in a risky environment due to job related health risks. The purpose of the study is to describe health risks of Iranian seafarers working on tankers.Materials and methods: In one of the Iranian ocean-going tankers, a qualitative content analysis with inductive approach was performed in 2016. Subjects were 17 male seafarers. They were selected by purposive sampling, which continued until data saturation. Data were gathered using semi-structured questionnaires via in-depth-interviews. All interviews were transcribed into computer files. Analysis was done based on conventional content analysis approach.Results: Mean job history and age of the informants were 11.9 ± 7.2 and 35.8 ± 9.3 years, respectively. Two main themes emerged during analysis of data and categories were created. The themes were (1) health risks at the ship; (2) high risk ranks at the ship.Unhealthy eating and physical diseases were considered as subthemes for the first theme. In subjects’ opinion, use of frozen food, having low access to fruits and vegetables, the captain’s unwillingness for purchasing provision, the lack of knowledge regarding healthy eating were the main reasons for unhealthy eating. Also, the informants mentioned skin conditions, gastrointestinal problems, respiratory disorders, cardiovascular diseases, obesity and high blood pressure as challenges regarding physical diseases. From informants’ standpoint, engine staff, captain and key officers had higher risk than other ranks at the ship. Stroke, infertility, visual disorders and deafness were mentioned as the main health problems for engine side. Stress, sleep disorders, and loneliness were mentioned as main health related problems for captain and key officers. Conclusions: The need for addressing nutrition at sea was acknowledged by seafarers. Also, it seems that revision of some regulations regarding seafarers’ medical examination could be warranted.Key words: qualitative study, health risks, seafarers

AB - Title: A qualitative study on health risks of Iranian seafarers working on ocean going tankers. Authors: Fereshteh Baygi, Olaf Chresten JensenCentre of Maritime Health and Society, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, DenmarkBackground: Seafaring is a highly physically demanding profession in a risky environment due to job related health risks. The purpose of the study is to describe health risks of Iranian seafarers working on tankers.Materials and methods: In one of the Iranian ocean-going tankers, a qualitative content analysis with inductive approach was performed in 2016. Subjects were 17 male seafarers. They were selected by purposive sampling, which continued until data saturation. Data were gathered using semi-structured questionnaires via in-depth-interviews. All interviews were transcribed into computer files. Analysis was done based on conventional content analysis approach.Results: Mean job history and age of the informants were 11.9 ± 7.2 and 35.8 ± 9.3 years, respectively. Two main themes emerged during analysis of data and categories were created. The themes were (1) health risks at the ship; (2) high risk ranks at the ship.Unhealthy eating and physical diseases were considered as subthemes for the first theme. In subjects’ opinion, use of frozen food, having low access to fruits and vegetables, the captain’s unwillingness for purchasing provision, the lack of knowledge regarding healthy eating were the main reasons for unhealthy eating. Also, the informants mentioned skin conditions, gastrointestinal problems, respiratory disorders, cardiovascular diseases, obesity and high blood pressure as challenges regarding physical diseases. From informants’ standpoint, engine staff, captain and key officers had higher risk than other ranks at the ship. Stroke, infertility, visual disorders and deafness were mentioned as the main health problems for engine side. Stress, sleep disorders, and loneliness were mentioned as main health related problems for captain and key officers. Conclusions: The need for addressing nutrition at sea was acknowledged by seafarers. Also, it seems that revision of some regulations regarding seafarers’ medical examination could be warranted.Key words: qualitative study, health risks, seafarers

KW - seafarers

KW - health risk

KW - Qualitative method

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

ER -

Baygi F, Jensen OC, Shidfar F. A qualitative study on health risks of Iranian seafarers working on ocean going tankers. 2019. Abstract from International Symposium of Maritime Health15, Hamburg, Germany.