A prospective, clinical study on asymptomatic sensitisation and development of allergic rhinitis: high negative predictive value of allergological testing

Uffe Bodtger, Kristian Assing, Lars K Poulsen

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Abstract

Background: Asymptomatic aeroallergen sensitisation affects approximately 10% of Western adolescents and is an established risk factor for the development of respiratory allergy. The reported incidence is 2-20% annually. Previous studies are based on out-seasonal symptom recollection or selected populations, conferring bias towards higher incidence rates. Objective: The aim was to determine the incidence of onset of symptoms among clinically well-characterised asymptomatic, sensitised subjects compared with controls, and to evaluate the predictive values of common allergological tests. Methods: We performed a prospective, clinical, non-interventional, 2-year follow-up study on subjects (identified by population screening) with seasonal allergic birch or grass pollen rhinitis (n = 52), asymptomatic sensitisation to grass or birch (AS, n = 52) or non-atopic, healthy control subjects (n = 39). Experimental allergen susceptibility was assessed at inclusion and at follow-up by skin prick test, conjunctival challenge, intradermal late-phase reaction and measurement of specific IgE. Participants completed in-seasonal symptom and medication diaries during 2 subsequent seasons. Results: We observed an annual incidence rate of 5% for the onset of symptoms in the AS group (healthy control group 0%). At baseline, the AS group displayed intermediate experimental allergen susceptibility. Subjects developing symptoms had higher levels of specific IgE and larger late-phase reaction than those persistently asymptomatic. However, the positive predictive values were low (14-27%) in contrast to the negative predictive values (95-100%). Conclusion: In a well-characterised young population, asymptomatic aeroallergen sensitisation conferred a low risk for onset of symptoms during the 2-year follow-up. Persistent asymptomatic phenotype could be accurately predicted by negative results from simple allergological testing.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Volume155
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)289-96
Number of pages8
ISSN1018-2438
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Prospective Studies
Incidence
Poaceae
Allergens
Population
Pollen
Hypersensitivity
Control Groups
Clinical Studies

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@article{fa1d2e33df3c4d469a962c6d4cb0e6b5,
title = "A prospective, clinical study on asymptomatic sensitisation and development of allergic rhinitis: high negative predictive value of allergological testing",
abstract = "Background: Asymptomatic aeroallergen sensitisation affects approximately 10{\%} of Western adolescents and is an established risk factor for the development of respiratory allergy. The reported incidence is 2-20{\%} annually. Previous studies are based on out-seasonal symptom recollection or selected populations, conferring bias towards higher incidence rates. Objective: The aim was to determine the incidence of onset of symptoms among clinically well-characterised asymptomatic, sensitised subjects compared with controls, and to evaluate the predictive values of common allergological tests. Methods: We performed a prospective, clinical, non-interventional, 2-year follow-up study on subjects (identified by population screening) with seasonal allergic birch or grass pollen rhinitis (n = 52), asymptomatic sensitisation to grass or birch (AS, n = 52) or non-atopic, healthy control subjects (n = 39). Experimental allergen susceptibility was assessed at inclusion and at follow-up by skin prick test, conjunctival challenge, intradermal late-phase reaction and measurement of specific IgE. Participants completed in-seasonal symptom and medication diaries during 2 subsequent seasons. Results: We observed an annual incidence rate of 5{\%} for the onset of symptoms in the AS group (healthy control group 0{\%}). At baseline, the AS group displayed intermediate experimental allergen susceptibility. Subjects developing symptoms had higher levels of specific IgE and larger late-phase reaction than those persistently asymptomatic. However, the positive predictive values were low (14-27{\%}) in contrast to the negative predictive values (95-100{\%}). Conclusion: In a well-characterised young population, asymptomatic aeroallergen sensitisation conferred a low risk for onset of symptoms during the 2-year follow-up. Persistent asymptomatic phenotype could be accurately predicted by negative results from simple allergological testing.",
author = "Uffe Bodtger and Kristian Assing and Poulsen, {Lars K}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1159/000320758",
language = "English",
volume = "155",
pages = "289--96",
journal = "International Archives of Allergy and Immunology",
issn = "1018-2438",
publisher = "S. Karger AG",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A prospective, clinical study on asymptomatic sensitisation and development of allergic rhinitis: high negative predictive value of allergological testing

AU - Bodtger, Uffe

AU - Assing, Kristian

AU - Poulsen, Lars K

N1 - Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Background: Asymptomatic aeroallergen sensitisation affects approximately 10% of Western adolescents and is an established risk factor for the development of respiratory allergy. The reported incidence is 2-20% annually. Previous studies are based on out-seasonal symptom recollection or selected populations, conferring bias towards higher incidence rates. Objective: The aim was to determine the incidence of onset of symptoms among clinically well-characterised asymptomatic, sensitised subjects compared with controls, and to evaluate the predictive values of common allergological tests. Methods: We performed a prospective, clinical, non-interventional, 2-year follow-up study on subjects (identified by population screening) with seasonal allergic birch or grass pollen rhinitis (n = 52), asymptomatic sensitisation to grass or birch (AS, n = 52) or non-atopic, healthy control subjects (n = 39). Experimental allergen susceptibility was assessed at inclusion and at follow-up by skin prick test, conjunctival challenge, intradermal late-phase reaction and measurement of specific IgE. Participants completed in-seasonal symptom and medication diaries during 2 subsequent seasons. Results: We observed an annual incidence rate of 5% for the onset of symptoms in the AS group (healthy control group 0%). At baseline, the AS group displayed intermediate experimental allergen susceptibility. Subjects developing symptoms had higher levels of specific IgE and larger late-phase reaction than those persistently asymptomatic. However, the positive predictive values were low (14-27%) in contrast to the negative predictive values (95-100%). Conclusion: In a well-characterised young population, asymptomatic aeroallergen sensitisation conferred a low risk for onset of symptoms during the 2-year follow-up. Persistent asymptomatic phenotype could be accurately predicted by negative results from simple allergological testing.

AB - Background: Asymptomatic aeroallergen sensitisation affects approximately 10% of Western adolescents and is an established risk factor for the development of respiratory allergy. The reported incidence is 2-20% annually. Previous studies are based on out-seasonal symptom recollection or selected populations, conferring bias towards higher incidence rates. Objective: The aim was to determine the incidence of onset of symptoms among clinically well-characterised asymptomatic, sensitised subjects compared with controls, and to evaluate the predictive values of common allergological tests. Methods: We performed a prospective, clinical, non-interventional, 2-year follow-up study on subjects (identified by population screening) with seasonal allergic birch or grass pollen rhinitis (n = 52), asymptomatic sensitisation to grass or birch (AS, n = 52) or non-atopic, healthy control subjects (n = 39). Experimental allergen susceptibility was assessed at inclusion and at follow-up by skin prick test, conjunctival challenge, intradermal late-phase reaction and measurement of specific IgE. Participants completed in-seasonal symptom and medication diaries during 2 subsequent seasons. Results: We observed an annual incidence rate of 5% for the onset of symptoms in the AS group (healthy control group 0%). At baseline, the AS group displayed intermediate experimental allergen susceptibility. Subjects developing symptoms had higher levels of specific IgE and larger late-phase reaction than those persistently asymptomatic. However, the positive predictive values were low (14-27%) in contrast to the negative predictive values (95-100%). Conclusion: In a well-characterised young population, asymptomatic aeroallergen sensitisation conferred a low risk for onset of symptoms during the 2-year follow-up. Persistent asymptomatic phenotype could be accurately predicted by negative results from simple allergological testing.

U2 - 10.1159/000320758

DO - 10.1159/000320758

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 21293149

VL - 155

SP - 289

EP - 296

JO - International Archives of Allergy and Immunology

JF - International Archives of Allergy and Immunology

SN - 1018-2438

IS - 3

ER -