A preliminary study: Effects of football training on glucose control, body composition, and performance in men with type 2 diabetes

T. R. Andersen, J. F. Schmidt, M. Thomassen, T. Hornstrup, U. Frandsen, M. B. Randers, P. R. Hansen, Peter Krustrup, J. Bangsbo

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The effects of regular football training on glycemic control, body composition, and peak oxygen uptake (VO 2peak) were investigated in men with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Twenty-one middle-aged men (49.8±1.7 years±SEM) with T2DM were divided into a football training group (FG; n=12) and an inactive control group (CG; n=9) during a 24-week intervention period (IP). During a 1-h football training session, the distance covered was 4.7±0.2km, mean heart rate (HR) was 83±2% of HRmax, and blood lactate levels increased (P<0.001) from 2.1±0.3 to 8.2±1.3mmol/L. In FG, VO 2peak was 11% higher (P<0.01), and total fat mass and android fat mass were 1.7kg and 12.8% lower (P<0.001), respectively, after IP. After IP, the reduction in plasma glucose was greater (P=0.02) in FG than the increase in CG, and in FG, GLUT-4 tended to be higher (P=0.072) after IP. For glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1), an overall time effect (P<0.01) was detected after 24 weeks. After IP, the number of capillaries around type I fibers was 7% higher (P<0.05) in FG and 5% lower (P<0.05) in CG. Thus, in men with T2DM, regular football training improves VO 2peak, reduces fat mass, and may positively influence glycemic control.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Volume24
Issue numberSUPPL.1
Pages (from-to)43-56
ISSN0905-7188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Soccer high-intensity training oxidative capacity health team sport FGF-21 GLYCEMIC CONTROL CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE INSULIN SENSITIVITY SKELETAL-MUSCLE PHYSICAL INACTIVITY SOCCER PLAYERS EXERCISE MELLITUS METAANALYSIS
  • High-intensity training
  • Oxidative capacity
  • Health
  • Soccer
  • Team sport
  • FGF-21

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