A performance comparison of patient pathways in Nordic capital areas: a pilot study for ischaemic stroke patients

Unto Häkkinen*, Fanny Goude, Terje P. Hagen, Marie Kruse, Tron Moger, Mikko Peltola, Clas Rehnberg

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    24 Downloads (Pure)


    Aims: This article describes and discusses the extension of performance measurement using an episode-based approach so that the measurement includes primary care, and social and long-term-care services. By using data on incident stroke patients from the capital areas of four Nordic countries, this pilot study: (a) extended the disease-based performance analysis to include new indicators that better describe patient care pathways at different levels of care; (b) described and compared the performance of care given in the four areas; (c) evaluated how additional information changed the rankings of performance between the areas; and (d) described the trends in performance in the capital areas. Methods: The construction of data was based on a common protocol that used routinely collected national registers and statistics linked with local municipal registers. We created new variables describing the timing of discharge to home and institutionalisation, as well as describing the use and cost of primary and social hospital services. Risk adjustment was performed with four different sets of confounders. Results: Differences existed in various performance indicators between the four metropolitan areas. The ranking was sensitive to the risk-adjustment method. The study showed that for stroke patients a performance comparison with data that are only from secondary and tertiary care, and without a valid severity measure, is not sufficient for international comparisons. Conclusions: Extending and deepening international performance analysis in order to cover patient pathways, including primary care and social services, is very useful for benchmarking activities when focusing on diseases affecting older people.

    Original languageEnglish
    Book seriesScandinavian Journal of Public Health
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)275-288
    Publication statusPublished - May 2020


    • ischaemic stroke
    • patient pathways
    • Performance comparison
    • risk adjustment


    Dive into the research topics of 'A performance comparison of patient pathways in Nordic capital areas: a pilot study for ischaemic stroke patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this