A Multicomponent Schoolyard Intervention Targeting Children’s Recess Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior: Effects After One Year

Dave H.H. Van Kann, S.I. de Vries, J. Schipperijn, N.K. de Vries, M.W.J. Jansen, S.P.J. Kremers

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background
Aim of the study was to test the 12-month effects of a multicomponent physical activity (PA) intervention at schoolyards on recess PA levels of 6th and 7th grade children in primary schools, combining Global Positioning System (GPS) and accelerometry data.
Methods
A quasi-experimental study design was used with 20 paired intervention and control schools. GPS confirmatory analyses were applied to validate attendance at schoolyards during recess. Data from 376 children from 7 pairs of schools were included in the final analyses. Pooled intervention effectiveness was tested by multilevel linear regression analyses, whereas effectiveness of intervention components was tested by multivariate linear regression analyses.
Results
Children exposed to the multicomponent intervention increased their time spent in light PA (+5.9%) during recess. No pooled effects on Moderate-to-Vigorous PA were found. In depth-analyses on intervention components showed that physical schoolyard interventions particularly predicted a decrease in time spent in sedentary behavior during recess at follow-up. Intervention intensity and school?s commitment to the project strengthened this effect.
Conclusions
The multicomponent schoolyard PA intervention was effective in making children spend a larger proportion of recess time in light PA, which was most likely the result of a shift from sedentary behavior to light PA.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Pages (from-to)866-875
ISSN1543-3080
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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@article{5ecbc724a3ba452c826143fab6976a27,
title = "A Multicomponent Schoolyard Intervention Targeting Children’s Recess Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior: Effects After One Year",
abstract = "BackgroundAim of the study was to test the 12-month effects of a multicomponent physical activity (PA) intervention at schoolyards on recess PA levels of 6th and 7th grade children in primary schools, combining Global Positioning System (GPS) and accelerometry data. MethodsA quasi-experimental study design was used with 20 paired intervention and control schools. GPS confirmatory analyses were applied to validate attendance at schoolyards during recess. Data from 376 children from 7 pairs of schools were included in the final analyses. Pooled intervention effectiveness was tested by multilevel linear regression analyses, whereas effectiveness of intervention components was tested by multivariate linear regression analyses. ResultsChildren exposed to the multicomponent intervention increased their time spent in light PA (+5.9{\%}) during recess. No pooled effects on Moderate-to-Vigorous PA were found. In depth-analyses on intervention components showed that physical schoolyard interventions particularly predicted a decrease in time spent in sedentary behavior during recess at follow-up. Intervention intensity and school?s commitment to the project strengthened this effect. ConclusionsThe multicomponent schoolyard PA intervention was effective in making children spend a larger proportion of recess time in light PA, which was most likely the result of a shift from sedentary behavior to light PA.",
author = "{Van Kann}, {Dave H.H.} and {de Vries}, S.I. and J. Schipperijn and {de Vries}, N.K. and M.W.J. Jansen and S.P.J. Kremers",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1123/jpah.2016-0656",
language = "English",
pages = "866--875",
journal = "Journal of Physical Activity & Health",
issn = "1543-3080",
publisher = "Human Kinetics, Inc.",

}

A Multicomponent Schoolyard Intervention Targeting Children’s Recess Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior: Effects After One Year. / Van Kann, Dave H.H.; de Vries, S.I.; Schipperijn, J.; de Vries, N.K.; Jansen, M.W.J.; Kremers, S.P.J.

In: Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 2017, p. 866-875.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Multicomponent Schoolyard Intervention Targeting Children’s Recess Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior: Effects After One Year

AU - Van Kann, Dave H.H.

AU - de Vries, S.I.

AU - Schipperijn, J.

AU - de Vries, N.K.

AU - Jansen, M.W.J.

AU - Kremers, S.P.J.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - BackgroundAim of the study was to test the 12-month effects of a multicomponent physical activity (PA) intervention at schoolyards on recess PA levels of 6th and 7th grade children in primary schools, combining Global Positioning System (GPS) and accelerometry data. MethodsA quasi-experimental study design was used with 20 paired intervention and control schools. GPS confirmatory analyses were applied to validate attendance at schoolyards during recess. Data from 376 children from 7 pairs of schools were included in the final analyses. Pooled intervention effectiveness was tested by multilevel linear regression analyses, whereas effectiveness of intervention components was tested by multivariate linear regression analyses. ResultsChildren exposed to the multicomponent intervention increased their time spent in light PA (+5.9%) during recess. No pooled effects on Moderate-to-Vigorous PA were found. In depth-analyses on intervention components showed that physical schoolyard interventions particularly predicted a decrease in time spent in sedentary behavior during recess at follow-up. Intervention intensity and school?s commitment to the project strengthened this effect. ConclusionsThe multicomponent schoolyard PA intervention was effective in making children spend a larger proportion of recess time in light PA, which was most likely the result of a shift from sedentary behavior to light PA.

AB - BackgroundAim of the study was to test the 12-month effects of a multicomponent physical activity (PA) intervention at schoolyards on recess PA levels of 6th and 7th grade children in primary schools, combining Global Positioning System (GPS) and accelerometry data. MethodsA quasi-experimental study design was used with 20 paired intervention and control schools. GPS confirmatory analyses were applied to validate attendance at schoolyards during recess. Data from 376 children from 7 pairs of schools were included in the final analyses. Pooled intervention effectiveness was tested by multilevel linear regression analyses, whereas effectiveness of intervention components was tested by multivariate linear regression analyses. ResultsChildren exposed to the multicomponent intervention increased their time spent in light PA (+5.9%) during recess. No pooled effects on Moderate-to-Vigorous PA were found. In depth-analyses on intervention components showed that physical schoolyard interventions particularly predicted a decrease in time spent in sedentary behavior during recess at follow-up. Intervention intensity and school?s commitment to the project strengthened this effect. ConclusionsThe multicomponent schoolyard PA intervention was effective in making children spend a larger proportion of recess time in light PA, which was most likely the result of a shift from sedentary behavior to light PA.

U2 - 10.1123/jpah.2016-0656

DO - 10.1123/jpah.2016-0656

M3 - Journal article

SP - 866

EP - 875

JO - Journal of Physical Activity & Health

JF - Journal of Physical Activity & Health

SN - 1543-3080

ER -