A feasibility study on comfort and playing performance for violinists playing with a novel ergonomic chinrest with and without a shoulder rest

Stephanie Mann*, Carsten Juhl, Helene Martina Paarup, Karen Søgaard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review


Introduction: A violin is fixed in shape and size and the musician must adapt to the instrument resulting in a rotated and lateralized neck position, potentially leading to neck and shoulder problems. A fully adjustable ergonomic chinrest (EC) called Kréddle, designed to accommodate a neutral neck position was identified. The overall aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of playing violin using the identified EC with (EC+) and without shoulder rest (EC-).

Methods: Violinist skilled to play a specific classical repertoire required at the entrance exam for the Danish conservatories was included and was provided a two-week familiarization period. Adherence data was collected through diary registrations during the two-week familiarization period about daily playing time and the use of EC. Fourteen days was considered 100% adherent. The violinists were asked to divide their daily playing time equally between EC+ and EC- but were considered compliant if at least 25%-50% of their total playing time was spent in the respective setting. Three questions about performance and five questions on comfort, respectively, were transformed to a 0 to 100 scale with higher scores representing a higher reduction in performance and comfort.

Results: Six violinists (aged 21-55 years) were included with median adherence to play all 14 days of 89% (range 64-100%). A 100% compliance was reached for playing with EC+ and for EC- the median overall compliance was 90.5%, but
Conclusion: Feasibility was low for EC-, as two out of six violinists didn’t meet the criterion for minimum playing time. This may also explain the reduced performance and comfort score when playing without shoulder rest.
Original languageDanish
Publication date22. Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - 22. Sept 2022
EventMusicians' and Performing Artists' health and performance - Integrating body and mind - Norge, Oslo, Norway
Duration: 21. Sept 202224. Sept 2022


ConferenceMusicians' and Performing Artists' health and performance - Integrating body and mind

Cite this