A Dedicated Modeling Scheme for Nonclassical Optical Response From the Nanosphere-on-Mirror Structure

Xiaotian Yan, Christos Tserkezis, N. Asger Mortensen, Guy A.E. Vandenbosch, Xuezhi Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Within the framework of the T-matrix method, we present a modeling tool that predicts the optical response from the Nanosphere-on-Mirror (NSoM) construct. The nonclassical effects in metals are accounted for by the nonlocal hydrodynamic Drude model (NLHDM) or the surface response model (SRM). Two essential elements in the T-matrix method, i.e., the T-matrix of the sphere and the R matrix accounting for the effects of the mirror, have been fully upgraded to include longitudinal waves for the NLHDM and the augmented interface conditions for the SRM. The proposed tool is quantitatively validated both in the near and the far-field by an in-house developed BEM solver for the NLHDM where the gap between the sphere and the mirror is as small as 1 nm. Two physical checks are performed, where the results from the classical local response model (LRM) are compared with the ones from the NLHDM and the SRM. The observed shifts in resonances and reduced field enhancements in the gap region agree well with previous physical findings. The proposed tool may not only serve as a reference tool for other numerical methods, but also provides an ideal platform for investigating nonclassical optical processes in the NSoM, hence paving a semianalytical way to understand the extreme optics at very small scales.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)2095-2109
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:


  • Computational modeling
  • Dielectrics
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Mathematical models
  • Metals
  • Mirrors
  • Nanophotonics
  • nonclassical effects
  • nonlocal hydrodynamic model (NLHDM)
  • Optical surface waves
  • surface response model (SRM)
  • T-matrix method


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