A cross-national profile of bullying and victimization among adolescents in 40 countries

Wendy Craig, Yossi Harel-Fisch, Haya Fogel-Grinvald, Suzanne Dostaler, Jorn Hetland, Bruce Simons-Morton, Michal Molcho, Margarida Gaspar de Mato, Mary Overpeck, Pernille Due, William Pickett

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: (1) To compare the prevalence of bullying and victimization among boys and girls and by age in 40 countries. (2) In 6 countries, to compare rates of direct physical, direct verbal, and indirect bullying by gender, age, and country. METHODS: Cross-sectional self-report surveys including items on bullying and being bullied were obtained from nationally representative samples of 11, 13 and 15 year old school children in 40 countries, N = 202,056. Six countries (N = 29,127 students) included questions about specific types of bullying (e. g., direct physical, direct verbal, indirect). RESULTS: Exposure to bullying varied across countries, with estimates ranging from 8.6% to 45.2% among boys, and from 4.8% to 35.8% among girls. Adolescents in Baltic countries reported higher rates of bullying and victimization, whereas northern European countries reported the lowest prevalence. Boys reported higher rates of bullying in all countries. Rates of victimization were higher for girls in 29 of 40 countries. Rates of victimization decreased by age in 30 of 40 (boys) and 25 of 39 (girls) countries. CONCLUSION: There are lessons to be learned from the current research conducted in countries where the prevalence is low that could be adapted for use in countries with higher prevalence.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health (Print Edition)
Volume54
Issue numberSuppl 2
Pages (from-to)216-24
Number of pages8
ISSN1661-8556
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1. Sep 2009

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Crime Victims
victimization
exclusion
adolescent
schoolchild
Self Report
gender
Research

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Aggression
  • Canada
  • Child
  • Crime Victims
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Data Collection
  • Europe
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Israel
  • Male
  • United States

Cite this

Craig, W., Harel-Fisch, Y., Fogel-Grinvald, H., Dostaler, S., Hetland, J., Simons-Morton, B., ... Pickett, W. (2009). A cross-national profile of bullying and victimization among adolescents in 40 countries. International Journal of Public Health (Print Edition), 54(Suppl 2), 216-24. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-009-5413-9
Craig, Wendy ; Harel-Fisch, Yossi ; Fogel-Grinvald, Haya ; Dostaler, Suzanne ; Hetland, Jorn ; Simons-Morton, Bruce ; Molcho, Michal ; de Mato, Margarida Gaspar ; Overpeck, Mary ; Due, Pernille ; Pickett, William. / A cross-national profile of bullying and victimization among adolescents in 40 countries. In: International Journal of Public Health (Print Edition). 2009 ; Vol. 54, No. Suppl 2. pp. 216-24.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVES: (1) To compare the prevalence of bullying and victimization among boys and girls and by age in 40 countries. (2) In 6 countries, to compare rates of direct physical, direct verbal, and indirect bullying by gender, age, and country. METHODS: Cross-sectional self-report surveys including items on bullying and being bullied were obtained from nationally representative samples of 11, 13 and 15 year old school children in 40 countries, N = 202,056. Six countries (N = 29,127 students) included questions about specific types of bullying (e. g., direct physical, direct verbal, indirect). RESULTS: Exposure to bullying varied across countries, with estimates ranging from 8.6{\%} to 45.2{\%} among boys, and from 4.8{\%} to 35.8{\%} among girls. Adolescents in Baltic countries reported higher rates of bullying and victimization, whereas northern European countries reported the lowest prevalence. Boys reported higher rates of bullying in all countries. Rates of victimization were higher for girls in 29 of 40 countries. Rates of victimization decreased by age in 30 of 40 (boys) and 25 of 39 (girls) countries. CONCLUSION: There are lessons to be learned from the current research conducted in countries where the prevalence is low that could be adapted for use in countries with higher prevalence.",
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Craig, W, Harel-Fisch, Y, Fogel-Grinvald, H, Dostaler, S, Hetland, J, Simons-Morton, B, Molcho, M, de Mato, MG, Overpeck, M, Due, P & Pickett, W 2009, 'A cross-national profile of bullying and victimization among adolescents in 40 countries', International Journal of Public Health (Print Edition), vol. 54, no. Suppl 2, pp. 216-24. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-009-5413-9

A cross-national profile of bullying and victimization among adolescents in 40 countries. / Craig, Wendy; Harel-Fisch, Yossi; Fogel-Grinvald, Haya; Dostaler, Suzanne; Hetland, Jorn; Simons-Morton, Bruce; Molcho, Michal; de Mato, Margarida Gaspar; Overpeck, Mary; Due, Pernille; Pickett, William.

In: International Journal of Public Health (Print Edition), Vol. 54, No. Suppl 2, 01.09.2009, p. 216-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - A cross-national profile of bullying and victimization among adolescents in 40 countries

AU - Craig, Wendy

AU - Harel-Fisch, Yossi

AU - Fogel-Grinvald, Haya

AU - Dostaler, Suzanne

AU - Hetland, Jorn

AU - Simons-Morton, Bruce

AU - Molcho, Michal

AU - de Mato, Margarida Gaspar

AU - Overpeck, Mary

AU - Due, Pernille

AU - Pickett, William

PY - 2009/9/1

Y1 - 2009/9/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES: (1) To compare the prevalence of bullying and victimization among boys and girls and by age in 40 countries. (2) In 6 countries, to compare rates of direct physical, direct verbal, and indirect bullying by gender, age, and country. METHODS: Cross-sectional self-report surveys including items on bullying and being bullied were obtained from nationally representative samples of 11, 13 and 15 year old school children in 40 countries, N = 202,056. Six countries (N = 29,127 students) included questions about specific types of bullying (e. g., direct physical, direct verbal, indirect). RESULTS: Exposure to bullying varied across countries, with estimates ranging from 8.6% to 45.2% among boys, and from 4.8% to 35.8% among girls. Adolescents in Baltic countries reported higher rates of bullying and victimization, whereas northern European countries reported the lowest prevalence. Boys reported higher rates of bullying in all countries. Rates of victimization were higher for girls in 29 of 40 countries. Rates of victimization decreased by age in 30 of 40 (boys) and 25 of 39 (girls) countries. CONCLUSION: There are lessons to be learned from the current research conducted in countries where the prevalence is low that could be adapted for use in countries with higher prevalence.

AB - OBJECTIVES: (1) To compare the prevalence of bullying and victimization among boys and girls and by age in 40 countries. (2) In 6 countries, to compare rates of direct physical, direct verbal, and indirect bullying by gender, age, and country. METHODS: Cross-sectional self-report surveys including items on bullying and being bullied were obtained from nationally representative samples of 11, 13 and 15 year old school children in 40 countries, N = 202,056. Six countries (N = 29,127 students) included questions about specific types of bullying (e. g., direct physical, direct verbal, indirect). RESULTS: Exposure to bullying varied across countries, with estimates ranging from 8.6% to 45.2% among boys, and from 4.8% to 35.8% among girls. Adolescents in Baltic countries reported higher rates of bullying and victimization, whereas northern European countries reported the lowest prevalence. Boys reported higher rates of bullying in all countries. Rates of victimization were higher for girls in 29 of 40 countries. Rates of victimization decreased by age in 30 of 40 (boys) and 25 of 39 (girls) countries. CONCLUSION: There are lessons to be learned from the current research conducted in countries where the prevalence is low that could be adapted for use in countries with higher prevalence.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Aggression

KW - Canada

KW - Child

KW - Crime Victims

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Data Collection

KW - Europe

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Interpersonal Relations

KW - Israel

KW - Male

KW - United States

U2 - 10.1007/s00038-009-5413-9

DO - 10.1007/s00038-009-5413-9

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 19623475

VL - 54

SP - 216

EP - 224

JO - International Journal of Public Health

JF - International Journal of Public Health

SN - 1661-8556

IS - Suppl 2

ER -

Craig W, Harel-Fisch Y, Fogel-Grinvald H, Dostaler S, Hetland J, Simons-Morton B et al. A cross-national profile of bullying and victimization among adolescents in 40 countries. International Journal of Public Health (Print Edition). 2009 Sep 1;54(Suppl 2):216-24. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-009-5413-9