A Control Algorithm for Optimal Energy Performance of a Solarium/Greenhouse with Combined Interior and Exterior Motorized Shading

Diane Bastien, Andreas K Athienitis

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Abstract

A solarium/greenhouse attached to a building can provide many benefits, such as collecting solar energy, allowing the cultivation of plants and providing an enjoyable living space to its occupants. Integrating moveable shading devices with fenestration is a recognized way to reduce heat losses and control solar gains. The control strategy for operating shades can have a significant impact on the energy performance of fenestration systems.

The aim of this study is to develop an algorithm for the optimum control of combined interior and exterior motorized shading devices based on an energy balance method. The algorithm developed here is designed to maximize solar heat gains while reducing heat losses during the heating season for a cold climate. An attached solarium with motorized shading devices located in Montreal is simulated during the heating season. Results show that heating requirements can be reduced by up to 76% using the proposed algorithm compared to a control scheme based on a fixed solar radiation level. The solarium could collect up to 3.2 MWh (or 134 kWh/m2 of floor area) of excess heat that could be supplied to the house during the heating season. This algorithm could be useful especially in solariums/greenhouses and could be of interest also for solar houses and high efficiency buildings when increasing solar gains and reducing heat losses is a priority.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume30
Pages (from-to)995-1005
ISSN1876-6102
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event1st International Conference on Solar Heating and Cooling for Buildings and Industry, SHC 2012 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 9. Jul 201211. Jul 2012

Conference

Conference1st International Conference on Solar Heating and Cooling for Buildings and Industry, SHC 2012
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period09/07/201211/07/2012

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