3-D microarchitectural properties and rod- and plate-like trabecular morphometric properties of femur head cancellous bones in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis

Ming Ding, Søren Overgaard

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Abstract

Objectives: We quantify 3-D microarchitectural properties of femoral head cancellous bones from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA, n ¼ 12), osteoarthritis (OA, n = 15), osteoporosis (OP, n = 24), or donor controls (CNT, n = 8); and investigate their rod- and plate-like trabecular morphometric properties of trabecular bone tissues and compare these properties between them.
Methods: Femoral heads were harvested during total hip replacement surgeries or collected from donors. Four cubic cancellous bone samples produced from each femoral head were micro-CT scanned to quantify their microarchitectural and rod- and plate-like trabecular properties. The samples were then tested in compression to determine mechanical properties.
Results: The microarchitectural properties of femoral head cancellous bone revealed significant differences among the 4 groups, but not between RA and OA. Bone volume fraction was significantly greater in the RA and the OA than in the OP and the CNT. Structure model index was significantly lower in the RA and the OA than in the OP. Number of rods in the RA was significantly greater than in the other 3 groups. Number of plates and plate volume density in the RA and the OA were significantly greater than in the OP and the CNT. Mechanical properties were significantly greater in the RA and the OA than in the OP. The single best determinant for mechanical properties
was bone volume fraction.
Conclusions: This study demonstrates significant differences in 3-D microarchitectural properties and rod- and plate-like trabecular morphometric properties among patients with RA, OA, or OP. The RA and OA cancellous bones displayed similar patterns of microarchitectural degeneration and pronounced different microarchitectures from the OP. The OP group revealed the weakest cancellous bone strength, while the RA and OA groups exhibited a compensatory effect that maintains bone tissues, and hence mechanical properties.
The translational potential of this article: The study enhances the understanding of microarchitectural degeneration
of diseased cancellous bone. The OP group had the weakest cancellous bone strength, while the RA and OA groups exhibited a compensatory effect that maintains bone tissues, and hence mechanical properties. These results are particularly important for design and survival of joint prosthesis.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Translation
Volume28
Pages (from-to)159-168
ISSN2214-031X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

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