2023 updated MASCC/ESMO consensus recommendations: controlling nausea and vomiting with chemotherapy of low or minimal emetic potential

Ian Olver*, Rebecca Clark-Snow, Christina H. Ruhlmann, Maria Angeles Garcia-del-Barrio, Lee Schwartzberg, Bernardo Leon Rapoport, Franziska Jahn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Review the literature to update the MASCC guidelines from 2016 for controlling nausea and vomiting with systemic cancer treatment of low and minimal emetic potential. Methods: A working group performed a systematic literature review using Medline, Embase, and Scopus databases between June 2015 and January 2023 of the management of antiemetic prophylaxis for anticancer therapy of low or minimal emetic potential. A consensus committee reviewed recommendations and required a consensus of 67% or greater and a change in outcome of at least 10%. Results: Of 293 papers identified, 15 had information about managing systemic cancer treatment regimens of low or minimal emetic potential and/or compliance with previous management recommendations. No new evidence was reported that would change the current MASCC recommendations. No antiemetic prophylaxis is recommended for minimal emetic potential therapy, and single agents recommended for low emetic potential chemotherapy for acute emesis, but no prophylaxis is recommended for delayed emesis. Commonly, rescue medication includes antiemetics prescribed for the next higher level of emesis. Conclusion: There is insufficient data to change the current guidelines. Future studies should seek to more accurately determine the risk of emesis with LEC beyond the emetogenicity of the chemotherapy to include patient-related risk assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number37
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume32
Issue number1
Number of pages5
ISSN0941-4355
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Guidelines
  • Low emetogenicity
  • Minimal emetogenicity
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

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