ICLUs och Skånes Idrottsforbunds pris för bästa idrottsuppsats vid Lunds universitet 2006/2007

Prize: Prizes, scholarships, distinctions

Description

A review of the goal setting literature over the past 20 years showed that although there are established principles for designing effective goal setting programmes, "the art" of goal setting is something that can only be practiced by individual performers or sport psychologists. Furthermore, suggested theories have only focused on the ability to "know that" (theory and qualifications) but not on "know how" (application and competences). PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to outline a goal setting theory that would reflect complex skill learning and the "art" of setting goals. METHOD: Four Danish elite footballers (aged 21 ± 2 yr) participated in a one year intervention study which employed a system theoretical perspective on goal setting. The intervention was based 72 semi-structured conversations and data was collected through digital recordings. RESULTS: The intervention helped the players to focus on skill development rather than performing during practice. Moreover, the players were able to utilise more complex skills and acquired new strategies for learning and performance. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrated that system goals and feedback can aid players in developing new strategies for learning and managing complex tasks. Thus, a system theory approach can aid practitioners in bridging the gap between theory and practice.
Emneord: Talent development, systems theory, sport psychology, learning, knowledge, Skills, goal setting

Christian Engell och Carsten Hvid Larsen vid institutionen for psykologi får priset for bedsta idrottsuppsats vid Lunds universitet 2006/2007. Uppsatsens titel er A sys¬tem theory perspective on goal setting - An explorative case study with four professional football players. Upp¬satsen er en magisteruppsats i psykologi vid Lunds universitet. Forfattarna føljer under ett års tid fyra unga professionella danska fotbollsspelare och hjælper dem att formulera långsiktiga och kortsiktiga målsættningar genom initiala observationer och upprepade semistrukturerade samtal. Særskild vikt lægger forfattarna vid att problematisera målformulerandet utifrån ett sys¬tem¬teoretiskt perspektiv. For fotbollsspelarna innebæ samtalen och målsættandet fræmst en møjlighet till reflektion och økad kompe¬tens att "læra sig att læra". Engell och Hvid Larsens uppsats uppmærksammas for dess teoretiska utveckling av målsættandet inom idrott genom att problematisera moment i formulerandet av mål. Forfattarna lyckas dessutom med att levandegøra det empiriska materialet och lyfta fram komplexiteten i processen av målsættande och de olika forutsættningar som olika fotbollsspelare har att utga ifrån. Lund 2008-02-06. For ICLUs styrelse Anita Dahlgren Åke Nilsen
OrganisationsICLU

Keywords

  • Talent development
  • systems theory
  • sport psychology
  • learning
  • knowledge
  • Skills
  • goal setting