Mehmet Ümit Necef

Ph.d.

  • Campusvej 55

    5230 Odense M

    Denmark

19992019
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Personal profile

Research information

M. Ümit Necef is an associate professor at SDU (University of Southern Denmark). He works together with prof. Malin Åkerström og Henriette Esholt (both from Lund University) on a 4-year project financed by the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (FORTE) on the motivations of young Swedish and Danish Muslims to join Islamic State (IS) and other jihadist groups. Short description of the projects is as follows:The appeal of violence-promoting Islamic extremism. An investigation of masculinity and femininity.In international research on the motivations of young Muslims to sympathize with Islamic State (IS) and similar organizations there is an ongoing debate on, whether it is the “push” or the “pull factors” which play the most important role? Researchers who focus on the “push factors” refer to a number of negative phenomena such as racism, Islamophobia, socio-economic marginalization, unemployment and discrimination especially in liberal democratic Western and claim that they are the culprits which “push” some young Muslims to the arms of IS. The “pull factors” mostly mentioned by the subscribers of the alternative approach are the fascination of being a part of a new state project (the caliphate), taking revenge from the West for its colonial history, exploitation and humiliation of the Muslim lands, discontent with a number of principles of late modern society such as gender equality, democracy and secularism, the ecstasy and warmth of being together with the like-minded around a religious and political project.This project investigates why young people are attracted to violence-promoting Islamist extremist environments (e.g. IS/Daesh) with a focus on how these groups construct masculinity and femininity in contrast to late-modern gender cultures.Focusing on how IS and similar violent jihadist organizations construct femininity and masculinity, which we see as a component in “pull factors”, challenges the narrative that involvement in violence-promoting Islamist extremism is mainly based on the poor integration of young Muslims. Instead, this emphasis points to an understanding of the phenomenon as a "counterculture" which opposes existing traditions and norms and is formed around an aesthetic and affective community.However, there is a lack of research that uses cultural sociological concepts to seek a deeper understanding of violence-promoting Islamist extremism as an aesthetic and affective community, just as there is a lack of research that further concretizes what jihadism as a "counterculture" is a rebellion against. In this context, this project puts the focus on masculinity and femininity as relevant perspectives in the understanding of the attraction of violence-promoting Islamist extremist environments for young people.Empirical data is collected through "go-alongs" and observations of the meetings between key people in prevention work and young people who are at risk of becoming, involved in violence-promoting Islamist extremism, interviews with these key people and the relatives of these groups of young people. There is also an analysis of IS propaganda material, both written and visual.The project contributes to an understanding of the attractions to violence-promoting Islamist extremism from a gender perspective.

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Dane Social Sciences
fundamentalism Social Sciences
cultural difference Social Sciences
modernity Social Sciences
immigrant Social Sciences
anxiety Social Sciences
Stereotype, Prejudice Social Sciences
orientalism Social Sciences

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 1999 2019

Vold og kriminalitet i Vollsmose: Hvorfor bliver nydanske unge mænd kriminelle?

Necef, M. Ü., 2019, Kampen om Vollsmose. Nielsen, H. L. (ed.). København: U Press, p. 255-288

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Are Al-Qaeda and Islamic State modern? Reflections on Islamic fundamentalism and modernity

Necef, M. Ü., 1. Aug 2018, 8 p. Odense : Syddansk Universitet. Center for Mellemøststudier.

Research output: Other contributionNet publication - Internet publicationCommunication

fundamentalism
modernity
Al Qaeda

Kurdish overrepresentation among Danish Islamic State warriors

Necef, M. Ü., 1. Apr 2018, 8 p. Odense : Syddansk Universitet. Center for Mellemøststudier.

Research output: Other contributionNet publication - Internet publicationCommunication

Open Access
File
Open Access

Danish “Syria-warriors” and Their Motivations

Necef, M. Ü., 2. Feb 2017. 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalPaperCommunication

Open Access

Activities 2000 2019

MESA Annual Conference 2019 New Orleans

Mehmet Ümit Necef (Participant)
24. Nov 2019

Activity: Attending an eventConference organisation or participation

Motivations for participation in Islamist Terrorism

Mehmet Ümit Necef (Guest lecturer)
17. Nov 2019

Activity: Talks and presentationsConference presentations

MESA Annual Conference 2019 New Orleans

Mehmet Ümit Necef (Organizer)
17. Nov 2019

Activity: Attending an eventConference organisation or participation

The role of emotions in terrorism research

Mehmet Ümit Necef (Guest lecturer)
23. Aug 2019

Activity: Talks and presentationsConference presentations

Motivations for participation in terrorism

Mehmet Ümit Necef (Guest lecturer)
14. Aug 2019

Activity: Talks and presentationsConference presentations