• Campusvej 55

    5230 Odense M

    Denmark

1993 …2023
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Personal profile

Curriculum


Curriculum vitae

Name: Donald E. Canfield

Born November 14, 1957

Nationality: American

Present position Professor of Ecology, Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense M, Denmark
Tel.: +45 65 50 27 51, Fax: 45 65 93 04 57
e-mail: dec@biology.sdu.dk

Education B.S. in chemistry 1979, Miami University;
M.Phil. 1984, and Ph.D 1988 in Geochemistry, Yale University, New Haven.

Professional Experience:

Assistant in Research. 1982-1987, Yale University.
Visiting Assistant Professor. Sept. 1987-May 1988, Univ. of Michigan.
Research Affiliate. May 1988-Nov. 1988, Yale University.
NRC Research Associate. Nov. 1988-July 1991, NASA-Ames.
Visiting Scientist. May 1990-Sept. 1990, Univ. of Århus, Denmark.
Visiting Lecturer. August 1991-Dec. 1991, Univ. of Århus, Denmark.
Assistant Professor. Jan 1992-May 1995, Georgia Institute of Technology.
BAT 1b scientist (permanent position). Sept. 1993-Nov. 1996 Max Planck for Marine Microbiology, Bremen.
Professor of Ecology, Odense University, Denmark. Nov. 1, 1996-present.
Co-director, Danish Center for Earth System Science (DCESS). December 1997-2005.
Director, Nordic Center for Earth Evolution (NordCEE). 2005-2015
VILLUM Investigator, July 2017 - present.


Funded research:

Ancient Sulfur Biogeochemistry (5/92-4/95) NASA. 246,000 USD.
Biological and Chemical Dynamics of the Oxic/Anoxic Interface (1/97-12/99) Danish National Science Council.
1,900,000 Dkr.
Danish Center for Earth System Science (12/97-12/2002) Danish National Research Foundation (w/ Gary Shaffer and J. Ray Bates). 50,000,000 Dkr.
On-line nitrate analysis machine (Nov. 2002) Danish National Research Council, 300,000 Dkr.
Danish Center for Earth System Science (12/2002-12/2005) Danish National Research Foundation, 9,000,000 Dkr.
Nordic Center for Earth Evolution (1/8/2005-31/7/2010) Danish National Research Foundation, 40,000,000 Dkr.
OXYGEN (1/4/2011-31/3/2016) ERC Advanced Grant, 2,500,000 Euros.
VILLUM Investigator Grant (1/7 2017 - 30/6 2023), 37.861.450 DKK


Special recognition:

NRC Postdoctoral fellowship (1988-1991), NASA-Ames Research Center
The Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters (foreign member, elected 2002)
ISI Highly-cited researcher, Geosciences
Paper (Canfield et al Science, 2007) chosen as top Danish Science breakthrough in 2007
Fellow of the Geochemical Society and European Association of Geochemists (2007)
National Academy of Sciences of the United States (2007)
Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) (2007)
Fellow of the American Association of Microbiologists (AAM) (2008)
Vladimir Vernadsky Prize, EGU (2010)
Urey Award, EAG (2011)


Professional activities Member of Geochemical Society :

Member of ASLO
Member of American Geophysical Union
Associate Editor of American Journal of Science (1989-present)
Associate Editor of Limnology and Oceanography (1997-2002)
Editor of Geobiology (2003-present)
Associated Editor of Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (2001-2006)
Editorial Advisor of Aquatic Microbial Ecology (1996-2006)
Editorial Board of Chemical Geology (2004-present)


Teaching:

Teacher of undergraduates and graduates in the Life History of the Earth class - BB67, BB502, Experimental Ecology – BB15, and Microbial Ecology – BBP84.

Research areas

I might consider myself a biogeochemist, a geobiologist, a microbial ecologist, or a variety of other things depending on whom I am talking to. Indeed, my work is multidisciplinary and involves elements of microbial ecology, biogeochemistry, and geology. In the broadest sense, I am interested in understanding the cycling of bioactive elements of the modern earth, and into the distant geological past. I am particularly interested in understanding how the chemistry of the Earth surface has changed through geologic time, and how this changing chemistry might have influenced the nature and structure of ecosystems and the evolution of life. This work takes us to modern environments including marine sediments, anoxic marine basins, and anoxic lakes. Our work also takes us to rocks deposited long ago. In total, we aim to understand how to read the chemical traces preserved in ancient rocks and how these traces can tell us of the nature of ocean and atmospheric chemistry.

We also explore modern microbes to understand how environmental variables like temperature, oxygen content, trace metal availability, or sulfate levels might influence their activity as well as the nature of any metabolic products they might leave behind. In this regard, we have been particularly interested in exploring the factors influencing isotopic fractionation associated with sulfur metabolism. Through this work we have been able to piece together the history of seawater sulfate concentrations and the relationship between sulfate levels and concentrations of atmospheric oxygen.

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics where Donald E. Canfield is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • 5 Similar Profiles
oxygen Earth & Environmental Sciences
sulfate Earth & Environmental Sciences
sulfur isotope Earth & Environmental Sciences
ocean Earth & Environmental Sciences
sulfur Earth & Environmental Sciences
fractionation Earth & Environmental Sciences
isotope Earth & Environmental Sciences
sulfur cycle Earth & Environmental Sciences

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 1993 2019

Chromium isotope cycling in the water column and sediments of the Peruvian continental margin

Bruggmann, S., Scholz, F., Klaebe, R. M., Canfield, D. E. & Frei, R., 15. Jul 2019, In : Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 257, p. 224-242

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

chromium
continental margin
water column
isotope
sediment

Experimental determination of pyrite and molybdenite oxidation kinetics at nanomolar oxygen concentrations

Johnson, A. C., Romaniello, S. J., Reinhard, C. T., Gregory, D. D., Garcia-Robledo, E., Revsbech, N. P., Canfield, D. E., Lyons, T. W. & Anbar, A. D., 15. Mar 2019, In : Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 249, p. 160-172

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

molybdenite
pyrite
oxidation
kinetics
oxygen

Mesophilic microorganisms build terrestrial mats analogous to Precambrian microbial jungles

Finke, N., Simister, R. L., O'Neil, A. H., Nomosatryo, S., Henny, C., MacLean, L. C., Canfield, D. E., Konhauser, K., Lalonde, S. V., Fowle, D. A. & Crowe, S. A., 20. Sep 2019, In : Nature Communications. 10, 1, 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Embryophyta
Indonesia
weathering
Methane
microorganisms
46 Downloads (Pure)

No N2 fixation in the Bay of Bengal?

Löscher, C., Mohr, W., Bange, H. & Canfield, D. E., Sep 2019, (In preparation) In : Biogeosciences Discussions.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearch

File
Bay of Bengal
fixation
primary productivity
water column
nitrogen

Organism motility in an oxygenated shallow-marine environment 2.1 billion years ago

El Albani, A., Gabriela Mangano, M., Buatois, L. A., Bengtson, S., Riboulleau, A., Bekker, A., Konhauser, K., Lyons, T., Rollion-Bard, C., Bankole, O., Baghekema, S. G. L., Meunier, A., Trentesaux, A., Mazurier, A., Aubineau, J., Laforest, C., Fontaine, C., Recourt, P., Fru, E. C., Macchiarelli, R. & 3 others, Reynaud, J. Y., Gauthier-Lafaye, F. & Canfield, D. E., 26. Feb 2019, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 116, 9, p. 3431-3436

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Gabon
Biota
Cell Aggregation
Gastropoda
Food

Activities 1986 2019

PetroChina

Donald E. Canfield (Visiting researcher)
1. Oct 201923. Oct 2019

Activity: Visiting another research institution

Keynote talk: Life and low oxygen

Donald E. Canfield (Keynote speaker)
16. Sep 2019

Activity: Talks and presentationsGuest lectures, external teaching and course activities at other universities

PetroChina

Donald E. Canfield (Visiting researcher)
30. May 201921. Jun 2019

Activity: Visiting another research institution

PetroChina

Donald E. Canfield (Visiting researcher)
11. Jan 201925. Jan 2019

Activity: Visiting another research institution

PetroChina

Donald Eugene Canfield (Visiting researcher)
2. Oct 201826. Oct 2018

Activity: Visiting another research institution

Projects 2005 2023

Press / Media

FORSKNING

Donald Eugene Canfield

07/04/2017

1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Press / Media

Ilt nok, men hvor var dyrene?

Donald Eugene Canfield

08/01/2016

1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Press / Media

Enough oxygen on Earth long before animals rose

Donald Eugene Canfield & Emma Hammarlund

06/01/2016

1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Press / Media

Prizes

Modtagelse af Æresdoktor-titel. Poitiers Université, France

Donald Eugene Canfield (Recipient), 25. Feb 2015

Prize: Prizes, scholarships, distinctions

Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky Medal 2010

Donald Eugene Canfield (Recipient), 5. May 2010

Prize: Prizes, scholarships, distinctions