Youth’s occupation and entrepreneurial intention influenced by parents’ occupations: A global study focused on Sub-Saharan Africa

Maryam Cheraghi, Thomas Schøtt, Jaqueline Kew

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt til konferenceForskningpeer review

Resumé

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to understand whether the vocational choices among youth in Sub-Saharan Africa i.e. to be an entrepreneur or pursue other occupations are affected by their parents’ occupation. Specifically, are parents’ occupations affecting young persons’ vocational intention whether to become an entrepreneur?
Method – A survey of the youth has been conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa, as part of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Survey during 2012/13. The survey was conducted in ten countries, which fairly represent the region. Interviews were conducted with a random sample of the youth in each of the ten countries, amounting to 24,342 persons age 18 to 34 years old. The youth reported on both their own and their parents’ occupations as well as their vocation intentions. Their responses are analyzed by multivariate statistical models.
Findings –Young people are more likely to be self-employed when their parents are or were self-employed. Young people are more likely to be employees when parents are or were employees and young people are more likely to be unemployed when parents are or were unemployed. The social inheritance of occupation, however, is not totally pervasive, as a number of young people are not directly influenced by their parent’s occupational but select other occupational avenues. Young people, whose parents are or were employees or were unemployed, are as likely as young persons, whose parents are or were self-employed, to intend to become entrepreneurs. Young people’s vocational intention to become an entrepreneur, is not socially inherited, but seems to be independent of parents’ occupations.
Value – This study is the first account of occupational inheritance and young persons’ vocational intentions, whether to become an entrepreneur, which is generalizable to Sub-Saharan Africa.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato2014
StatusUdgivet - 2014
Begivenhed12th GLOBELICS International Conference 2014 - Addis Ababa, Etiopien
Varighed: 28. okt. 201431. okt. 2014

Konference

Konference12th GLOBELICS International Conference 2014
LandEtiopien
ByAddis Ababa
Periode28/10/201431/10/2014

Fingeraftryk

occupation
parents
entrepreneur
human being
employee
entrepreneurship
random sample
interview
Values

Citer dette

Cheraghi, M., Schøtt, T., & Kew, J. (2014). Youth’s occupation and entrepreneurial intention influenced by parents’ occupations: A global study focused on Sub-Saharan Africa. Abstract fra 12th GLOBELICS International Conference 2014, Addis Ababa, Etiopien.
Cheraghi, Maryam ; Schøtt, Thomas ; Kew, Jaqueline . / Youth’s occupation and entrepreneurial intention influenced by parents’ occupations: A global study focused on Sub-Saharan Africa. Abstract fra 12th GLOBELICS International Conference 2014, Addis Ababa, Etiopien.
@conference{64593696c9eb42efb00978a4db3c2523,
title = "Youth’s occupation and entrepreneurial intention influenced by parents’ occupations: A global study focused on Sub-Saharan Africa",
abstract = "Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to understand whether the vocational choices among youth in Sub-Saharan Africa i.e. to be an entrepreneur or pursue other occupations are affected by their parents’ occupation. Specifically, are parents’ occupations affecting young persons’ vocational intention whether to become an entrepreneur?Method – A survey of the youth has been conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa, as part of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Survey during 2012/13. The survey was conducted in ten countries, which fairly represent the region. Interviews were conducted with a random sample of the youth in each of the ten countries, amounting to 24,342 persons age 18 to 34 years old. The youth reported on both their own and their parents’ occupations as well as their vocation intentions. Their responses are analyzed by multivariate statistical models.Findings –Young people are more likely to be self-employed when their parents are or were self-employed. Young people are more likely to be employees when parents are or were employees and young people are more likely to be unemployed when parents are or were unemployed. The social inheritance of occupation, however, is not totally pervasive, as a number of young people are not directly influenced by their parent’s occupational but select other occupational avenues. Young people, whose parents are or were employees or were unemployed, are as likely as young persons, whose parents are or were self-employed, to intend to become entrepreneurs. Young people’s vocational intention to become an entrepreneur, is not socially inherited, but seems to be independent of parents’ occupations.Value – This study is the first account of occupational inheritance and young persons’ vocational intentions, whether to become an entrepreneur, which is generalizable to Sub-Saharan Africa.",
keywords = "youth, entrepreneurs, intentions, vocations, social inheritance, Sub-Saharan Africa",
author = "Maryam Cheraghi and Thomas Sch{\o}tt and Jaqueline Kew",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
note = "12th GLOBELICS International Conference 2014 ; Conference date: 28-10-2014 Through 31-10-2014",

}

Cheraghi, M, Schøtt, T & Kew, J 2014, 'Youth’s occupation and entrepreneurial intention influenced by parents’ occupations: A global study focused on Sub-Saharan Africa', 12th GLOBELICS International Conference 2014, Addis Ababa, Etiopien, 28/10/2014 - 31/10/2014.

Youth’s occupation and entrepreneurial intention influenced by parents’ occupations: A global study focused on Sub-Saharan Africa. / Cheraghi, Maryam; Schøtt, Thomas; Kew, Jaqueline .

2014. Abstract fra 12th GLOBELICS International Conference 2014, Addis Ababa, Etiopien.

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt til konferenceForskningpeer review

TY - ABST

T1 - Youth’s occupation and entrepreneurial intention influenced by parents’ occupations: A global study focused on Sub-Saharan Africa

AU - Cheraghi, Maryam

AU - Schøtt, Thomas

AU - Kew, Jaqueline

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to understand whether the vocational choices among youth in Sub-Saharan Africa i.e. to be an entrepreneur or pursue other occupations are affected by their parents’ occupation. Specifically, are parents’ occupations affecting young persons’ vocational intention whether to become an entrepreneur?Method – A survey of the youth has been conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa, as part of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Survey during 2012/13. The survey was conducted in ten countries, which fairly represent the region. Interviews were conducted with a random sample of the youth in each of the ten countries, amounting to 24,342 persons age 18 to 34 years old. The youth reported on both their own and their parents’ occupations as well as their vocation intentions. Their responses are analyzed by multivariate statistical models.Findings –Young people are more likely to be self-employed when their parents are or were self-employed. Young people are more likely to be employees when parents are or were employees and young people are more likely to be unemployed when parents are or were unemployed. The social inheritance of occupation, however, is not totally pervasive, as a number of young people are not directly influenced by their parent’s occupational but select other occupational avenues. Young people, whose parents are or were employees or were unemployed, are as likely as young persons, whose parents are or were self-employed, to intend to become entrepreneurs. Young people’s vocational intention to become an entrepreneur, is not socially inherited, but seems to be independent of parents’ occupations.Value – This study is the first account of occupational inheritance and young persons’ vocational intentions, whether to become an entrepreneur, which is generalizable to Sub-Saharan Africa.

AB - Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to understand whether the vocational choices among youth in Sub-Saharan Africa i.e. to be an entrepreneur or pursue other occupations are affected by their parents’ occupation. Specifically, are parents’ occupations affecting young persons’ vocational intention whether to become an entrepreneur?Method – A survey of the youth has been conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa, as part of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Survey during 2012/13. The survey was conducted in ten countries, which fairly represent the region. Interviews were conducted with a random sample of the youth in each of the ten countries, amounting to 24,342 persons age 18 to 34 years old. The youth reported on both their own and their parents’ occupations as well as their vocation intentions. Their responses are analyzed by multivariate statistical models.Findings –Young people are more likely to be self-employed when their parents are or were self-employed. Young people are more likely to be employees when parents are or were employees and young people are more likely to be unemployed when parents are or were unemployed. The social inheritance of occupation, however, is not totally pervasive, as a number of young people are not directly influenced by their parent’s occupational but select other occupational avenues. Young people, whose parents are or were employees or were unemployed, are as likely as young persons, whose parents are or were self-employed, to intend to become entrepreneurs. Young people’s vocational intention to become an entrepreneur, is not socially inherited, but seems to be independent of parents’ occupations.Value – This study is the first account of occupational inheritance and young persons’ vocational intentions, whether to become an entrepreneur, which is generalizable to Sub-Saharan Africa.

KW - youth

KW - entrepreneurs

KW - intentions

KW - vocations

KW - social inheritance

KW - Sub-Saharan Africa

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

ER -

Cheraghi M, Schøtt T, Kew J. Youth’s occupation and entrepreneurial intention influenced by parents’ occupations: A global study focused on Sub-Saharan Africa. 2014. Abstract fra 12th GLOBELICS International Conference 2014, Addis Ababa, Etiopien.