Workability in the Ageing Workforce: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Niels-Peter Brøchner Nielsen*, Gert Thomsen, Jesper Rasmussen, Lars Rauff Skadhauge, Bibi Gram

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Abstrakt

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of age, musculoskeletal pain and ergonomic exposure on workability in the oldest group of workers. Methods: The study was a population based cross-sectional survey. The study population comprised citizens born between 1952–1966, living in Esbjerg municipality ultimo 2016 (n = 23,463). A questionnaire was sent electronically or by mail. The analysis included the working population only. A stereotype logistic regression was used with the primary dependent variable being workability and independent variables included age, musculoskeletal pain, and ergonomic exposure. Results: The response rate was 58% and the data demonstrated a significant negative association between age and workability. With excellent workability as a reference, the odds for poor workability increased by 97% being 60+ y compared to 50–55y. Both moderate intensity and severe musculoskeletal pain in the back, shoulder and knee/hip all showed significantly higher odds for poor workability. Ergonomic exposures, such as standing/walking, working with back bent or twisted and carrying or lifting had a significant negative impact on workability. Conclusion: Age, musculoskeletal pain and ergonomic exposures showed a significant negative impact on workability in the oldest group of workers and should be targeted with preventive initiatives.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer12656
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Vol/bind18
Udgave nummer23
Antal sider15
ISSN1660-4601
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. dec. 2021

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