Women survive severe famines and epidemics better than men

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt til konferenceForskningpeer review

Resumé

Women live longer than men almost everywhere. Research provides evidence for both biological and behavioral factors modulating this gender gap, leaving open the question of what are its fundamental determinants. An unexplored source of information is when men and women experience extremely high mortality risk. Finding that women have longer life expectancy under harsh conditions would support the hypothesis that the female survival advantage is biologically determined. We investigate the survival in 8 populations under high mortality from famines, epidemics and slavery. We find that women survived better than men. In all populations they had lower mortality and, with the exception of one slave population, they lived longer. Infant ages contributed the most to the gender gap in life expectancy, indicating that newborn girls were able to survive extreme mortality better than newborn boys. Our results lend support to the hypothesis that the gender survival gap has deep biological roots.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato29. okt. 2017
StatusUdgivet - 29. okt. 2017
Begivenhed28th International Population Conference of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population - Cape Town International Conference Centre (CTICC), Cape Town, Sydafrika
Varighed: 29. sep. 20174. nov. 2017
Konferencens nummer: 28
http://ipc2017capetown.iussp.org/

Konference

Konference28th International Population Conference of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population
Nummer28
LokationCape Town International Conference Centre (CTICC)
LandSydafrika
ByCape Town
Periode29/09/201704/11/2017
Internetadresse

Fingeraftryk

mortality
life expectancy
gender
slavery
slave
source of information
infant
determinants
evidence
experience

Citer dette

Zarulli, V., Barthold Jones, J., Oksuzyan, A., Lindahl-Jacobsen, R., & Vaupel, J. W. (2017). Women survive severe famines and epidemics better than men. Abstract fra 28th International Population Conference of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, Cape Town, Sydafrika.
Zarulli, Virginia ; Barthold Jones, Julia ; Oksuzyan, Anna ; Lindahl-Jacobsen, Rune ; Vaupel, James W. . / Women survive severe famines and epidemics better than men. Abstract fra 28th International Population Conference of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, Cape Town, Sydafrika.
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title = "Women survive severe famines and epidemics better than men",
abstract = "Women live longer than men almost everywhere. Research provides evidence for both biological and behavioral factors modulating this gender gap, leaving open the question of what are its fundamental determinants. An unexplored source of information is when men and women experience extremely high mortality risk. Finding that women have longer life expectancy under harsh conditions would support the hypothesis that the female survival advantage is biologically determined. We investigate the survival in 8 populations under high mortality from famines, epidemics and slavery. We find that women survived better than men. In all populations they had lower mortality and, with the exception of one slave population, they lived longer. Infant ages contributed the most to the gender gap in life expectancy, indicating that newborn girls were able to survive extreme mortality better than newborn boys. Our results lend support to the hypothesis that the gender survival gap has deep biological roots.",
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Zarulli, V, Barthold Jones, J, Oksuzyan, A, Lindahl-Jacobsen, R & Vaupel, JW 2017, 'Women survive severe famines and epidemics better than men', 28th International Population Conference of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, Cape Town, Sydafrika, 29/09/2017 - 04/11/2017.

Women survive severe famines and epidemics better than men. / Zarulli, Virginia; Barthold Jones, Julia; Oksuzyan, Anna; Lindahl-Jacobsen, Rune; Vaupel, James W. .

2017. Abstract fra 28th International Population Conference of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, Cape Town, Sydafrika.

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt til konferenceForskningpeer review

TY - ABST

T1 - Women survive severe famines and epidemics better than men

AU - Zarulli, Virginia

AU - Barthold Jones, Julia

AU - Oksuzyan, Anna

AU - Lindahl-Jacobsen, Rune

AU - Vaupel, James W.

PY - 2017/10/29

Y1 - 2017/10/29

N2 - Women live longer than men almost everywhere. Research provides evidence for both biological and behavioral factors modulating this gender gap, leaving open the question of what are its fundamental determinants. An unexplored source of information is when men and women experience extremely high mortality risk. Finding that women have longer life expectancy under harsh conditions would support the hypothesis that the female survival advantage is biologically determined. We investigate the survival in 8 populations under high mortality from famines, epidemics and slavery. We find that women survived better than men. In all populations they had lower mortality and, with the exception of one slave population, they lived longer. Infant ages contributed the most to the gender gap in life expectancy, indicating that newborn girls were able to survive extreme mortality better than newborn boys. Our results lend support to the hypothesis that the gender survival gap has deep biological roots.

AB - Women live longer than men almost everywhere. Research provides evidence for both biological and behavioral factors modulating this gender gap, leaving open the question of what are its fundamental determinants. An unexplored source of information is when men and women experience extremely high mortality risk. Finding that women have longer life expectancy under harsh conditions would support the hypothesis that the female survival advantage is biologically determined. We investigate the survival in 8 populations under high mortality from famines, epidemics and slavery. We find that women survived better than men. In all populations they had lower mortality and, with the exception of one slave population, they lived longer. Infant ages contributed the most to the gender gap in life expectancy, indicating that newborn girls were able to survive extreme mortality better than newborn boys. Our results lend support to the hypothesis that the gender survival gap has deep biological roots.

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

ER -

Zarulli V, Barthold Jones J, Oksuzyan A, Lindahl-Jacobsen R, Vaupel JW. Women survive severe famines and epidemics better than men. 2017. Abstract fra 28th International Population Conference of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, Cape Town, Sydafrika.