Women Survive Severe Famines and Epidemics Better Than Men

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt til konferenceForskningpeer review

81 Downloads (Pure)

Resumé

Women live longer than men almost everywhere. Research provides evidence for both biological and behavioral factors modulating this gender gap, leaving open the question of what are its fundamental determinants. An unexplored source of information is when men and women experience extremely high mortality risk. Finding that women have longer life expectancy under harsh conditions would support the hypothesis that the female survival advantage is biologically determined. We investigate the survival in 8 populations under high mortality from famines, epidemics and slavery. We find that women survived better than men. In all populations they had lower mortality and, with the exception of one slave population, they lived longer. Infant ages contributed the most to the gender gap in life expectancy, indicating that newborn girls were able to survive extreme mortality better than newborn boys. Our results lend support to the hypothesis that the gender survival gap has deep biological roots.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato15. dec. 2016
StatusUdgivet - 15. dec. 2016
BegivenhedPopulation Association of America 2017 - Hilton Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
Varighed: 24. apr. 201729. maj 2017
http://www.populationassociation.org/sidebar/annual-meeting/

Konference

KonferencePopulation Association of America 2017
LokationHilton Chicago
LandUSA
ByChicago, IL
Periode24/04/201729/05/2017
Internetadresse

Fingeraftryk

mortality
life expectancy
gender
slavery
slave
source of information
infant
determinants
evidence
experience

Citer dette

@conference{f8651e3f4aab42c9b2f298ed50a9017b,
title = "Women Survive Severe Famines and Epidemics Better Than Men",
abstract = "Women live longer than men almost everywhere. Research provides evidence for both biological and behavioral factors modulating this gender gap, leaving open the question of what are its fundamental determinants. An unexplored source of information is when men and women experience extremely high mortality risk. Finding that women have longer life expectancy under harsh conditions would support the hypothesis that the female survival advantage is biologically determined. We investigate the survival in 8 populations under high mortality from famines, epidemics and slavery. We find that women survived better than men. In all populations they had lower mortality and, with the exception of one slave population, they lived longer. Infant ages contributed the most to the gender gap in life expectancy, indicating that newborn girls were able to survive extreme mortality better than newborn boys. Our results lend support to the hypothesis that the gender survival gap has deep biological roots.",
author = "Virginia Zarulli and Barthold, {Julia A.} and Anna Oksuzyan and Rune Lindahl-Jacobsen and Kaare Christensen and Vaupel, {James W.}",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "15",
language = "English",
note = "Population Association of America 2017 ; Conference date: 24-04-2017 Through 29-05-2017",
url = "http://www.populationassociation.org/sidebar/annual-meeting/",

}

Women Survive Severe Famines and Epidemics Better Than Men. / Zarulli, Virginia; Barthold, Julia A.; Oksuzyan, Anna; Lindahl-Jacobsen, Rune; Christensen, Kaare; Vaupel, James W. .

2016. Abstract fra Population Association of America 2017, Chicago, IL, USA.

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt til konferenceForskningpeer review

TY - ABST

T1 - Women Survive Severe Famines and Epidemics Better Than Men

AU - Zarulli, Virginia

AU - Barthold, Julia A.

AU - Oksuzyan, Anna

AU - Lindahl-Jacobsen, Rune

AU - Christensen, Kaare

AU - Vaupel, James W.

PY - 2016/12/15

Y1 - 2016/12/15

N2 - Women live longer than men almost everywhere. Research provides evidence for both biological and behavioral factors modulating this gender gap, leaving open the question of what are its fundamental determinants. An unexplored source of information is when men and women experience extremely high mortality risk. Finding that women have longer life expectancy under harsh conditions would support the hypothesis that the female survival advantage is biologically determined. We investigate the survival in 8 populations under high mortality from famines, epidemics and slavery. We find that women survived better than men. In all populations they had lower mortality and, with the exception of one slave population, they lived longer. Infant ages contributed the most to the gender gap in life expectancy, indicating that newborn girls were able to survive extreme mortality better than newborn boys. Our results lend support to the hypothesis that the gender survival gap has deep biological roots.

AB - Women live longer than men almost everywhere. Research provides evidence for both biological and behavioral factors modulating this gender gap, leaving open the question of what are its fundamental determinants. An unexplored source of information is when men and women experience extremely high mortality risk. Finding that women have longer life expectancy under harsh conditions would support the hypothesis that the female survival advantage is biologically determined. We investigate the survival in 8 populations under high mortality from famines, epidemics and slavery. We find that women survived better than men. In all populations they had lower mortality and, with the exception of one slave population, they lived longer. Infant ages contributed the most to the gender gap in life expectancy, indicating that newborn girls were able to survive extreme mortality better than newborn boys. Our results lend support to the hypothesis that the gender survival gap has deep biological roots.

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

ER -