Virtual Analysis of Segmental Bimaxillary Surgery: A Validation Study

Michael Boelstoft Holte, Alexandru Diaconu, Janne Ingerslev, Jens Jørgen Thorn, Else Marie Pinholt

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Purpose: Three-dimensional (3D) assessment of orthognathic surgery is often time consuming, relies on manual re-identification of anatomical landmarks or is limited to non-segmental osteotomies. The purpose of the present study was to propose and validate an automated approach for 3D assessment of the accuracy and postoperative outcome of segmental bimaxillary surgery. Methods: A semi-automatic approach was developed and validated for virtual surgical analysis (VSA) of segmental bimaxillary surgery using a pair of pre- and postoperative (2 weeks) cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) scans. The output of the VSA, the accuracy of the surgical outcome, was calculated as 3D translational and rotational differences between the planned and postoperative movements of the individual bone segments. To evaluate the reliability of the proposed VSA, intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) were calculated at a 95% confidence interval on measurements of 2 observers. The VSA was deemed reliable if the ICC was excellent (> 0.80) and the absolute difference of the repeated intra- and inter-observer translational and rotational measurements were significantly lower (p < 0.05) than a hypothesized clinical relevant threshold of 1 voxel (0.45 mm) and 1 degree, respectively. Results: A total of 10 subjects (6 male; 4 women; mean age 24.4 years) with skeletal class 2 and 3, who underwent segmental bimaxillary surgery, 3-piece Le Fort I, bilateral sagittal split osteotomy and genioplasty, were recruited. The intra- and inter-observer reliability was excellent, ICC range [0.96 - 1.00]. The range of the mean absolute difference of the repeated intra- and inter-observer translational and rotational measurements were [0.07 mm (0.05) – 0.20 mm (0.19)] and [0.11˚ (0.08) - 0.63˚ (0.42)], respectively. This was significantly lower than the hypothesized clinical relevant thresholds (P <.001). Conclusion: The validation showed that the VSA has excellent reliability for quantitative assessment of the postoperative outcome and accuracy of segmental bimaxillary surgery.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Vol/bind79
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)2320-2333
ISSN0278-2391
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2021

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