Video consultation and treatment in the community smoking cessation therapy success rates in patients with mental illness: a randomized controlled trial

Didde Marie Kaasgaard, Rikke Bleeg Christiansen, Uffe Nymark Breum, Nestor Asiamah, Lone Bülow Toft Friis, Peter Hjorth

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

PURPOSE: Smoking is the single factor with the highest impact on reducing life expectancy of patients with mental illness. Patients experience difficulty in participating in smoking cessation programs but are concerned about the impact of tobacco on their health and finances. Smoking cessation advice via videoconferencing might be an alternative to an ordinary in-person consultation.

MATERIAL AND METHOD: Randomized controlled trial with follow-up at 6 months. We included patients with diagnoses of schizophrenia and affective disorder from psychiatric outpatient clinics. Intervention 1 involved daily video consultations; intervention 2 was treatment as usual.

RESULTS: Seventy patients were included. For both/all groups/interventions, rates of smoking cessation were 45% and predictors for a 50% reduction in smoking were antipsychotic medication load [odds ratio (OR) 0.54; p  = 0.045] and number of nicotine patches (OR 1.02; p  = 0.06). Predictors for a reduction in the number of cigarettes to < 10 were antipsychotic medication load (OR 0.52; p  = 0.04), number of nicotine patches (OR 1.01; p  = 0.02) and number of cigarettes at baseline [OR 0.95 ( p  = 0.09); adjusted OR 0.94 ( p  = 0.02)]. Patients prevented weight gain during the cessation period.

CONCLUSION: The smoking cessation rate was high. One of the reasons for the high cessation rate was that the intervention was carried out by highly experienced and professionally qualified staff. In addition, we used free nicotine patches to increase the patients' motivation to quit smoking. It is very important that we introduce these results into our clinical work with the patients.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNordic Journal of Psychiatry
Vol/bind78
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)272-280
Antal sider9
ISSN0803-9488
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2024

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