Value of anti-plasminogen binding peptide, anti-carbonic anhydrase II, immunoglobulin G4, and other serological markers for the differentiation of autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer

Sönke Detlefsen, Jesper D. de Vos, Julia T. Tanassi, Niels H.H. Heegaard, Claus Fristrup, Ove B. Schaffalitzky de Muckadell

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

110 Downloads (Pure)

Resumé

The diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and its differential diagnosis from pancreatic cancer (PC) can be challenging. In this retrospective study, we aimed to evaluate the value of anti-plasminogen binding peptide (a-PBP), immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4), and anti-carbonic anhydrase-II (a-CA-II), together with other serological markers whose value is not fully elucidated.The serum levels of a-PBP, IgG4, IgG, anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-lactoferrin (a-LF), a-CA-II, and rheumatoid factor (RF) were evaluated in patients with AIP (n = 29), PC (n = 17), pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm (P-NEN, n = 12), and alcoholic chronic pancreatitis (ACP, n = 41). ANCA were measured in the AIP patients.There was no statistically significant difference in mean a-PBP values in AIP compared with PC. A ROC curve showed that, when using a cut-off of 38.3 U, low values of a-PBP had a sensitivity and specificity of 45% and 71% for differentiating AIP from PC. The sensitivity and specificity of IgG4 (cut-off 1.4 g/L) for differentiating AIP from PC was 45% and 88%, but rose to 52% and 88% when using a cut-off of 1.09 g/L. When using this cut-off, the sensitivity and specificity for differentiating type 1 AIP from PC was 68% and 88%. None of the other markers were significantly changed in AIP versus PC. For differentiation of type 1 and type 2 AIP, the only significant differences were IgG4 in type 1 AIP (P < .01), with a sensitivity of 68% and a specificity of 80%, and c-ANCA elevations found in some type 2 AIP patients (P < .05).The only serological marker for which we found a statistically significant difference in mean values between AIP and PC was IgG4. However, the value of IgG4 for the distinction of AIP from PC was limited, probably in part due to the relatively high number of type 2 AIP patients in our study. In accord with recent publications, our data do not support a role of increased serum a-PBP for the diagnosis of AIP.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere11641
TidsskriftMedicine
Vol/bind97
Udgave nummer31
Antal sider9
ISSN0025-7974
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. aug. 2018

Fingeraftryk

Pancreatic Neoplasms
Pancreatitis
Peptides
Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibodies
Alcoholic Pancreatitis
Lactoferrin
Rheumatoid Factor
Chronic Pancreatitis
Serum
ROC Curve
Differential Diagnosis
Retrospective Studies

Citer dette

@article{d43c92a0d9dd4ebe91565bd5fa2a73f4,
title = "Value of anti-plasminogen binding peptide, anti-carbonic anhydrase II, immunoglobulin G4, and other serological markers for the differentiation of autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer",
abstract = "The diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and its differential diagnosis from pancreatic cancer (PC) can be challenging. In this retrospective study, we aimed to evaluate the value of anti-plasminogen binding peptide (a-PBP), immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4), and anti-carbonic anhydrase-II (a-CA-II), together with other serological markers whose value is not fully elucidated.The serum levels of a-PBP, IgG4, IgG, anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-lactoferrin (a-LF), a-CA-II, and rheumatoid factor (RF) were evaluated in patients with AIP (n = 29), PC (n = 17), pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm (P-NEN, n = 12), and alcoholic chronic pancreatitis (ACP, n = 41). ANCA were measured in the AIP patients.There was no statistically significant difference in mean a-PBP values in AIP compared with PC. A ROC curve showed that, when using a cut-off of 38.3 U, low values of a-PBP had a sensitivity and specificity of 45{\%} and 71{\%} for differentiating AIP from PC. The sensitivity and specificity of IgG4 (cut-off 1.4 g/L) for differentiating AIP from PC was 45{\%} and 88{\%}, but rose to 52{\%} and 88{\%} when using a cut-off of 1.09 g/L. When using this cut-off, the sensitivity and specificity for differentiating type 1 AIP from PC was 68{\%} and 88{\%}. None of the other markers were significantly changed in AIP versus PC. For differentiation of type 1 and type 2 AIP, the only significant differences were IgG4 in type 1 AIP (P < .01), with a sensitivity of 68{\%} and a specificity of 80{\%}, and c-ANCA elevations found in some type 2 AIP patients (P < .05).The only serological marker for which we found a statistically significant difference in mean values between AIP and PC was IgG4. However, the value of IgG4 for the distinction of AIP from PC was limited, probably in part due to the relatively high number of type 2 AIP patients in our study. In accord with recent publications, our data do not support a role of increased serum a-PBP for the diagnosis of AIP.",
author = "S{\"o}nke Detlefsen and {de Vos}, {Jesper D.} and Tanassi, {Julia T.} and Heegaard, {Niels H.H.} and Claus Fristrup and {Schaffalitzky de Muckadell}, {Ove B.}",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/MD.0000000000011641",
language = "English",
volume = "97",
journal = "Medicine",
issn = "0025-7974",
publisher = "Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.",
number = "31",

}

Value of anti-plasminogen binding peptide, anti-carbonic anhydrase II, immunoglobulin G4, and other serological markers for the differentiation of autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. / Detlefsen, Sönke; de Vos, Jesper D.; Tanassi, Julia T.; Heegaard, Niels H.H.; Fristrup, Claus; Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Ove B.

I: Medicine, Bind 97, Nr. 31, e11641, 01.08.2018.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Value of anti-plasminogen binding peptide, anti-carbonic anhydrase II, immunoglobulin G4, and other serological markers for the differentiation of autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer

AU - Detlefsen, Sönke

AU - de Vos, Jesper D.

AU - Tanassi, Julia T.

AU - Heegaard, Niels H.H.

AU - Fristrup, Claus

AU - Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Ove B.

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - The diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and its differential diagnosis from pancreatic cancer (PC) can be challenging. In this retrospective study, we aimed to evaluate the value of anti-plasminogen binding peptide (a-PBP), immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4), and anti-carbonic anhydrase-II (a-CA-II), together with other serological markers whose value is not fully elucidated.The serum levels of a-PBP, IgG4, IgG, anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-lactoferrin (a-LF), a-CA-II, and rheumatoid factor (RF) were evaluated in patients with AIP (n = 29), PC (n = 17), pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm (P-NEN, n = 12), and alcoholic chronic pancreatitis (ACP, n = 41). ANCA were measured in the AIP patients.There was no statistically significant difference in mean a-PBP values in AIP compared with PC. A ROC curve showed that, when using a cut-off of 38.3 U, low values of a-PBP had a sensitivity and specificity of 45% and 71% for differentiating AIP from PC. The sensitivity and specificity of IgG4 (cut-off 1.4 g/L) for differentiating AIP from PC was 45% and 88%, but rose to 52% and 88% when using a cut-off of 1.09 g/L. When using this cut-off, the sensitivity and specificity for differentiating type 1 AIP from PC was 68% and 88%. None of the other markers were significantly changed in AIP versus PC. For differentiation of type 1 and type 2 AIP, the only significant differences were IgG4 in type 1 AIP (P < .01), with a sensitivity of 68% and a specificity of 80%, and c-ANCA elevations found in some type 2 AIP patients (P < .05).The only serological marker for which we found a statistically significant difference in mean values between AIP and PC was IgG4. However, the value of IgG4 for the distinction of AIP from PC was limited, probably in part due to the relatively high number of type 2 AIP patients in our study. In accord with recent publications, our data do not support a role of increased serum a-PBP for the diagnosis of AIP.

AB - The diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and its differential diagnosis from pancreatic cancer (PC) can be challenging. In this retrospective study, we aimed to evaluate the value of anti-plasminogen binding peptide (a-PBP), immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4), and anti-carbonic anhydrase-II (a-CA-II), together with other serological markers whose value is not fully elucidated.The serum levels of a-PBP, IgG4, IgG, anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-lactoferrin (a-LF), a-CA-II, and rheumatoid factor (RF) were evaluated in patients with AIP (n = 29), PC (n = 17), pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm (P-NEN, n = 12), and alcoholic chronic pancreatitis (ACP, n = 41). ANCA were measured in the AIP patients.There was no statistically significant difference in mean a-PBP values in AIP compared with PC. A ROC curve showed that, when using a cut-off of 38.3 U, low values of a-PBP had a sensitivity and specificity of 45% and 71% for differentiating AIP from PC. The sensitivity and specificity of IgG4 (cut-off 1.4 g/L) for differentiating AIP from PC was 45% and 88%, but rose to 52% and 88% when using a cut-off of 1.09 g/L. When using this cut-off, the sensitivity and specificity for differentiating type 1 AIP from PC was 68% and 88%. None of the other markers were significantly changed in AIP versus PC. For differentiation of type 1 and type 2 AIP, the only significant differences were IgG4 in type 1 AIP (P < .01), with a sensitivity of 68% and a specificity of 80%, and c-ANCA elevations found in some type 2 AIP patients (P < .05).The only serological marker for which we found a statistically significant difference in mean values between AIP and PC was IgG4. However, the value of IgG4 for the distinction of AIP from PC was limited, probably in part due to the relatively high number of type 2 AIP patients in our study. In accord with recent publications, our data do not support a role of increased serum a-PBP for the diagnosis of AIP.

U2 - 10.1097/MD.0000000000011641

DO - 10.1097/MD.0000000000011641

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30075546

AN - SCOPUS:85051215715

VL - 97

JO - Medicine

JF - Medicine

SN - 0025-7974

IS - 31

M1 - e11641

ER -