Vaccination coverage and factors associated with adherence to the vaccination schedule in young children of a rural area in Burkina Faso

Moubassira Kagoné, Maurice Yé, Eric Nébié, Ali Sie, Anja Schoeps, Heiko Becher, Olaf Muller, Ane Baerent Fisker

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Resumé

BACKGROUND: Vaccination is an important tool for reducing infectious disease morbidity and mortality. In the past, less than 80% of children 12-23 months of age were fully immunized in Burkina Faso.

OBJECTIVES: To describe coverage and assess factors associated with adherence to the vaccination schedule in rural area Burkina Faso.

METHODS: The study population was extracted from the Nouna Health and Demographic surveillance system cohort. Data from four rounds of interviews conducted between November 2012 and June 2014 were considered. This study included 4016 children aged 12-23 months. We assessed the effects of several background factors, including sex, factors reflecting access to health care (residence, place of birth), and maternal factors (age, education, marital status), on being fully immunized defined as having received Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), three doses of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis and oral polio vaccine, and measles vaccine by 12 months of age. The associations were studied using binomial regression to derive prevalence ratios (PRs) in univariate and multivariate regression models.

RESULTS: The full vaccination coverage increased significantly over time (72% in 2012, 79% in 2013, and 81% in 2014, p = 0.003), and the coverage was significantly lower in urban than in rural areas (PR 0.84; 0.80-0.89). Vaccination coverage was neither influenced by sex nor influenced by place of birth or by maternal factors.

CONCLUSION: The study documented a further improvement in full vaccination coverage in Burkina Faso in recent years and better vaccination coverage in rural than in urban areas. The organization of healthcare systems with systematic outreach activities in the rural areas may explain the difference between rural and urban areas.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftGlobal Health Action
Vol/bind10
Udgave nummer1
Antal sider1
ISSN1654-9880
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. jan. 2017
Udgivet eksterntJa

Fingeraftryk

Sex Factors
Health Services Accessibility
Diphtheria
Whooping Cough
Maternal Age
Marital Status
Mothers
Organizations
Interviews
Delivery of Health Care
Education
Health
Population

Citer dette

Kagoné, Moubassira ; Yé, Maurice ; Nébié, Eric ; Sie, Ali ; Schoeps, Anja ; Becher, Heiko ; Muller, Olaf ; Fisker, Ane Baerent. / Vaccination coverage and factors associated with adherence to the vaccination schedule in young children of a rural area in Burkina Faso. I: Global Health Action. 2017 ; Bind 10, Nr. 1.
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title = "Vaccination coverage and factors associated with adherence to the vaccination schedule in young children of a rural area in Burkina Faso",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Vaccination is an important tool for reducing infectious disease morbidity and mortality. In the past, less than 80{\%} of children 12-23 months of age were fully immunized in Burkina Faso.OBJECTIVES: To describe coverage and assess factors associated with adherence to the vaccination schedule in rural area Burkina Faso.METHODS: The study population was extracted from the Nouna Health and Demographic surveillance system cohort. Data from four rounds of interviews conducted between November 2012 and June 2014 were considered. This study included 4016 children aged 12-23 months. We assessed the effects of several background factors, including sex, factors reflecting access to health care (residence, place of birth), and maternal factors (age, education, marital status), on being fully immunized defined as having received Bacillus Calmette-Gu{\'e}rin (BCG), three doses of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis and oral polio vaccine, and measles vaccine by 12 months of age. The associations were studied using binomial regression to derive prevalence ratios (PRs) in univariate and multivariate regression models.RESULTS: The full vaccination coverage increased significantly over time (72{\%} in 2012, 79{\%} in 2013, and 81{\%} in 2014, p = 0.003), and the coverage was significantly lower in urban than in rural areas (PR 0.84; 0.80-0.89). Vaccination coverage was neither influenced by sex nor influenced by place of birth or by maternal factors.CONCLUSION: The study documented a further improvement in full vaccination coverage in Burkina Faso in recent years and better vaccination coverage in rural than in urban areas. The organization of healthcare systems with systematic outreach activities in the rural areas may explain the difference between rural and urban areas.",
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Vaccination coverage and factors associated with adherence to the vaccination schedule in young children of a rural area in Burkina Faso. / Kagoné, Moubassira; Yé, Maurice; Nébié, Eric; Sie, Ali; Schoeps, Anja; Becher, Heiko; Muller, Olaf; Fisker, Ane Baerent.

I: Global Health Action, Bind 10, Nr. 1, 01.01.2017.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vaccination coverage and factors associated with adherence to the vaccination schedule in young children of a rural area in Burkina Faso

AU - Kagoné, Moubassira

AU - Yé, Maurice

AU - Nébié, Eric

AU - Sie, Ali

AU - Schoeps, Anja

AU - Becher, Heiko

AU - Muller, Olaf

AU - Fisker, Ane Baerent

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: Vaccination is an important tool for reducing infectious disease morbidity and mortality. In the past, less than 80% of children 12-23 months of age were fully immunized in Burkina Faso.OBJECTIVES: To describe coverage and assess factors associated with adherence to the vaccination schedule in rural area Burkina Faso.METHODS: The study population was extracted from the Nouna Health and Demographic surveillance system cohort. Data from four rounds of interviews conducted between November 2012 and June 2014 were considered. This study included 4016 children aged 12-23 months. We assessed the effects of several background factors, including sex, factors reflecting access to health care (residence, place of birth), and maternal factors (age, education, marital status), on being fully immunized defined as having received Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), three doses of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis and oral polio vaccine, and measles vaccine by 12 months of age. The associations were studied using binomial regression to derive prevalence ratios (PRs) in univariate and multivariate regression models.RESULTS: The full vaccination coverage increased significantly over time (72% in 2012, 79% in 2013, and 81% in 2014, p = 0.003), and the coverage was significantly lower in urban than in rural areas (PR 0.84; 0.80-0.89). Vaccination coverage was neither influenced by sex nor influenced by place of birth or by maternal factors.CONCLUSION: The study documented a further improvement in full vaccination coverage in Burkina Faso in recent years and better vaccination coverage in rural than in urban areas. The organization of healthcare systems with systematic outreach activities in the rural areas may explain the difference between rural and urban areas.

AB - BACKGROUND: Vaccination is an important tool for reducing infectious disease morbidity and mortality. In the past, less than 80% of children 12-23 months of age were fully immunized in Burkina Faso.OBJECTIVES: To describe coverage and assess factors associated with adherence to the vaccination schedule in rural area Burkina Faso.METHODS: The study population was extracted from the Nouna Health and Demographic surveillance system cohort. Data from four rounds of interviews conducted between November 2012 and June 2014 were considered. This study included 4016 children aged 12-23 months. We assessed the effects of several background factors, including sex, factors reflecting access to health care (residence, place of birth), and maternal factors (age, education, marital status), on being fully immunized defined as having received Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), three doses of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis and oral polio vaccine, and measles vaccine by 12 months of age. The associations were studied using binomial regression to derive prevalence ratios (PRs) in univariate and multivariate regression models.RESULTS: The full vaccination coverage increased significantly over time (72% in 2012, 79% in 2013, and 81% in 2014, p = 0.003), and the coverage was significantly lower in urban than in rural areas (PR 0.84; 0.80-0.89). Vaccination coverage was neither influenced by sex nor influenced by place of birth or by maternal factors.CONCLUSION: The study documented a further improvement in full vaccination coverage in Burkina Faso in recent years and better vaccination coverage in rural than in urban areas. The organization of healthcare systems with systematic outreach activities in the rural areas may explain the difference between rural and urban areas.

KW - expended programme on immunization

KW - Health and demographic surveillance systems

KW - risk factors

KW - vaccination coverage

KW - vaccination schedule

U2 - 10.1080/16549716.2017.1399749

DO - 10.1080/16549716.2017.1399749

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29185899

AN - SCOPUS:85047109507

VL - 10

JO - Global Health Action

JF - Global Health Action

SN - 1654-9880

IS - 1

ER -