Update on LIPID MAPS classification, nomenclature, and shorthand notation for MS-derived lipid structures

Gerhard Liebisch, Eoin Fahy, Junken Aoki, Edward A. Dennis, Thierry Durand, Christer S. Ejsing, Maria Fedorova, Ivo Feussner, William J. Griffiths, Harald Köfeler, Alfred H. Merrill, Robert C. Murphy, Valerie B. O'Donnell, Olga Oskolkova, Shankar Subramaniam, Michael J.O. Wakelam, Friedrich Spener*

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Abstrakt

A comprehensive and standardized system to report lipid structures analyzed by MS is essential for the communication and storage of lipidomics data. Herein, an update on both the LIPID MAPS classification system and shorthand notation of lipid structures is presented for lipid categories Fatty Acyls (FA), Glycerolipids (GL), Glycerophospholipids (GP), Sphingolipids (SP), and Sterols (ST). With its major changes, i.e., annotation of ring double bond equivalents and number of oxygens, the updated shorthand notation facilitates reporting of newly delineated oxygenated lipid species as well. For standardized reporting in lipidomics, the hierarchical architecture of shorthand notation reflects the diverse structural resolution powers provided by mass spectrometric assays. Moreover, shorthand notation is expanded beyond mammalian phyla to lipids from plant and yeast phyla. Finally, annotation of atoms is included for the use of stable isotopelabeled compounds in metabolic labeling experiments or as internal standards. This update on lipid classification, nomenclature, and shorthand annotation for lipid mass spectra is considered a standard for lipid data presentation.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Lipid Research
Vol/bind61
Udgave nummer12
Sider (fra-til)1539-1555
ISSN0022-2275
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2020

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